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871 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Dementia, Paresthesia

  • Stroke

    Doctors may refer to the tingling sensations as paresthesia. Here we look at possible causes, diagnosis, and treatment options.[medicalnewstoday.com] The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stroke is a strong, independent, and potentially modifiable risk factor for all-cause dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    The most common of these are paresthesias, weakness, clumsiness, and an unsteady gait.[web.archive.org] Catatonia vis-à-vis delirium: the significance of recognizing catatonia in altered mental status . General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 37, Issue. 6, p. 554.[bjp.rcpsych.org] […] presentation mimicking a dementia of depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subacute Combined Degeneration of Spinal Cord

    Most patients initially perceive tingling sensations or numbness in their limbs, most often in their legs.[symptoma.com] Discussion: Neurological manifestations of B12 deficiency include subacute combined degeneration (SCD), polyneuropathy, dementia, and optic nerve involvement.[shmabstracts.com] Mental changes range from mild forgetfulness to severe dementia or psychosis. Severe dementia is uncommon, but in some cases, it is the first symptom of the disorder.[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The patient presented with progressive decrease of visual acuity, intermittent diplopia, paresthesia of the left arm and equilibrium disturbances.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE REPORT We report on a case of a 45-year-old female multiple sclerosis (MS) patient presenting with acute onset short-term memory loss, altered mental status, inflammatory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] instrumental activities of daily living (TIADLs) have been useful to bridge between cognitive testing and real-world functioning in disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myxedema

    Risk Factors Age over 50 years Being female Assessment Lethargy and fatigue Weakness, muscle aches, paresthesias Intolerance to cold Weight gain Dry skin and hair Loss of[rnpedia.com] mental status (patient doesn’t have to be in a coma to qualify).[uclaoliveview.org] The Origin and Nature of the Emotions: Miscellaneous Papers For example, alterations in the efficiency of the cerebral link may yield neurasthenia, mania, dementia; of the[wordnik.com]

  • Ergotism

    Anthony’s Fire. 1 The symptoms of ergotism consist of headaches, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, paresthesias and itching, painful seizures and spasms, hallucinations, mania[hekint.org] In some EU Member States, ergot derivatives are also authorised for other indications such as treatment of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, and treatment (as opposed[ema.europa.eu] Some ergot derivatives are approved in some EU Member States for use in other therapeutic indications, including other circulatory disorders, treatment of dementia (including[ema.europa.eu]

  • Pellagra

    In Japan, a 37-year-old man presented to the emergency department with altered mental status and seizures. Wernicke encephalopathy and alcohol withdrawal were suspected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is characterized by 4 "D's": diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Upon arrival he had hypothermia, a diffuse rash and altered mental status. During ED evaluation, a urinary catheter was placed and demonstrated black urine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    People suffering from alcoholic neuropathy may feel burning and tingling sensations in their feet, which may persist or may last from a few months to a few years.[foundationforpn.org] A 49-year-old man presented with altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The concept of "structural plasticity" has emerged as a potential mechanism in neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases such as drug abuse, depression, and dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypoglycemia

    Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the central nervous system resulting in hunger; sweating; paresthesia; impaired mental function; seizures; coma[icd9data.com] A hyperglycemic patient with an altered mental status may receive a bolus of glucose.[emedicine.com] Hypoglycemia can increase the risk of dementia; confusion; vascular disease, such as a cerebral vascular accident and myocardial infarction; and death.[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com]

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

    ., paresthesia, peripheral neuropathy, spinal cord degeneration), Psychiatric symptoms (irritability, personality change, depression), Cardiovascular problems (e.g., myocardial[kidsnewtocanada.ca] mental status); when you are being treated for vitamin B12 or folate deficiency A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm Fasting for 6-8 hours before sample collection[labtestsonline.org] A clinical diagnosis of dementia with delirium was made.[doi.org]

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