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40 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Dizziness, Prominent Sulci

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    […] cerebral symptoms.In the past, the term "hypertensive encephalopathy" has been applied to a range of neurological problems occurring in hypertensive patients, such as headache, dizziness[en.wikipedia.org] There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[bloodjournal.org] His altered mental status, however, resolved with control of blood pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypoxia

    Acute Mountain Sickness AMS is thought to be a progression of HAH, which usually manifests with symptoms of headache, dizziness, vomiting, anorexia, fatigue, and insomnia[doi.org] Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[emedicine.medscape.com] Hypoxia Hypoxia, or altitude sickness, reduces the amount of oxygen in the brain causing such symptoms as dizziness, shortness of breath, and mental confusion. hypoxia deficiency[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[cureus.com] mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 20-year-old pregnant woman with altered mental status. N Engl J Med 357:589–600 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 30.[link.springer.com]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    A 57-year-old Caucasian woman presented with fever, dizziness, balance difficulties, vomiting, dancing eye, altered speech, tremor, generalized myoclonus and failure to rise[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[ajnr.org] We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, altered mental status, and maculopapular rash, who was diagnosed with locally acquired WNV encephalitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    A 60-year-old woman with a history of ovarian carcinoma and complaining of gait instability, dizziness, nausea, and a right temporal headache visited a neurologist.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The lesions were more prominent in the cerebellar sulci compared with in the cerebral sulci.[ajnr.org] Patients may present with an altered mental status. Additionally, focal or generalized seizures, as well as meningism, may be reported.[symptoma.com]

  • Postictal State

    The most important imitators of epileptic seizures are dizziness, vertigo, syncope, complicated migraine; and somewhat less frequently sleep disorders, transient cerebral[books.google.ro] Ventricles, sulci and cisterns were mildly prominent for age and there was mild cerebral cortical volume loss.[annals-general-psychiatry.biomedcentral.com] If a patient remains confused for longer than 20 minutes after a seizure, consider another cause of altered mental status [4].[ems1.com]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    The patient suddenly developed dizziness and could not speak words fluently.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Findings CT shows mild prominence of the ventricles and sulci consistent with mild generalized cerebral volume loss.[neuroradiologyonthenet.blogspot.com] Marchiafava-Bignami disease, a rare alcohol-related disorder, characterized by altered mental status, seizure, and multifocal central nervous system signs, which results from[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningoencephalitis

    A 56-year-old man who suffered from dizziness and gait disturbance for one month was admitted to our hospital and subsequently diagnosed with a cerebellar infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[academic.oup.com] An extensive laboratory workup for the etiology of his altered mental status was unremarkable, except for a mildly elevated white blood cell count in the cerebrospinal fluid[mdedge.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    The authors report a case of 66-year-old male patient with sporadic CJD who had dizziness, gaze-evoked nystagmus (GEN), and other central eye signs (impaired smooth pursuit[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[ajnr.org] .— Acute cerebellitis is a clinically defined condition most commonly characterized by acute cerebellar ataxia, associated with nausea, headache, and altered mental status[doi.org]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    Cardarelli" in Naples, on the relationship between cervical disc herniations and dizziness.[videum.com] The fluid space between the cortex and the calvarium appears to be increased and the sulci/gyri may appear prominent. View prominent sulci/gyri.[hawaii.edu] Incapacitating headaches, dizzy spells, blurred vision, vague pains, foggy thought processes and years of incorrect diagnoses.[columbia-stmarys.org]

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