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131 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Dyspnea, Erythrocytosis

  • Paraneoplastic Syndrome

    Review of systems was significant for hemoptysis, dyspnea on exertion and dull achy left anterior chest and shoulder pain.[] Erythrocytosis is common in cancers of the liver, kidney, adrenal glands, lung, thymus, and CNS as well as in gynecologic tumors and myosarcomas.[] mental status to coma.[]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    MEASUREMENT OF DYSPNEA IN COPD Section: The two purposes of measuring dyspnea are: to differentiate between patients who have less dyspnea and those who have more dyspnea[] […] oxygen therapy (LTOT) In the first Denver studies of ambulatory oxygen, patients with chronic stable hypoxemia experienced remarkable reductions in pulmonary hypertension and erythrocytosis[] mental status Increase in hypoxemia or hypercapnia Inability to tolerate oral medications such as antibiotics or steroids See Treatment and Medication for more detail.[]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    […] are also important causes of dyspnea.[] Caruso E, Di Pino A, Poli D, Manuri L, Guccione P (2014) Erythrocytosis and severe asphyxia: two different causes of neonatal myocardial infarction.[] The man was bitten on the left index finger and subsequently developed localized edema followed by hypotension, chest pain, and altered mental status.[]

  • Hypoxia

    The patient described his dyspnea as exertional progressing over 1 week to rest dyspnea. He was prescribed antiretroviral therapy but was noncompliant.[] These findings suggest that erythrocytosis was caused by renal ischemia due to leukemic infiltration.[] We describe a case of a previously healthy 58-year-old woman who presented with gradual onset shortness of breath on exertion, erythrocytosis, hypoxia and hypoxaemia.[]

  • Methemoglobinemia

    Methemoglobinemia can cause life-threatening hypoxia associated with cyanosis and dyspnea not responsive to oxygen.[] erythrocytosis.[] mental status.[]

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    Patient experienced ecphysesis and dyspnea suddenly after HBO₂ therapy (100% oxygen at 0.25 MPa, for 60 minutes with a five-minute air break and decompression at 0.01 MPa[] CO poisoning also produces myocardial ischemia, atrial fibrillation, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, erythrocytosis, leucocytosis, hyperglycemia, muscle necrosis, acute renal[] It then progresses to altered mental status, unsteady gait and ataxia (inability to make coordinated movements.)[]

  • Carcinoid Tumor

    We describe the case of a female patient, 21 years old, complaining of dyspnea attacks and wheezing 2 years ago.[] […] less than 10% of the cases); then, the following may be noted: Increased blood pressure (hypertension) Increased calcium in blood (hypercalcemia) Increased red blood cells (erythrocytosis[] Symptoms may include intense flushing, diarrhea, abdominal pain, tachycardia, hypertension or hypotension, altered mental status, and coma.[]

  • Acute Myelocytic Leukemia

    Typical symptoms are spongy and bleeding gums, anemia, fatigue, fever, dyspnea, moderate splenomegaly, joint and bone pain, and repeated infections.[] […] had a history of erythropoietin therapy, known mostly in retrospect, thereby calling the diagnosis of AEL into question.36 Prior chemotherapy also can result in a rebound erythrocytosis[] If WBC count is extremely high ( 100 x 10 9 /L), it can cause leukostasis with respiratory distress and altered mental status.[]

  • High Altitude Pulmonary Edema

    High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a form of high altitude illness characterized by cough, dyspnea upon exertion progressing to dyspnea at rest and eventual death, seen[] […] edema Andes disease Anoxia due to high altitude Barotrauma of ascent Barotrauma of descent Chronic mountain sickness Diving barotrauma Ebullism Effects of high altitude Erythrocytosis[] Individuals may also develop concurrent HACE due to severe hypoxemia; thus it’s important to monitor for ataxia and altered mental status. 6 In autopsy findings of over 20[]

  • Asphyxia

    During a mean follow-up period of 13.2 months, 13 patients had died and 30 patients remained alive without dyspnea.[] Rarely, especially if the mass is located at the base of the tongue, airway obstruction and dyspnea can ensue.[] On arrival, she had severe dyspnea and neck swelling; thereafter, a 26-mm-thick retropharyngeal swelling was visualized on lateral cervical plain X-ray study, extending from[]

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