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94 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Elevated Sedimentation Rate, Localized Edema

  • Necrotizing Fasciitis

    […] following features can occur with cellulitis, they may instead suggest necrotizing fasciitis: Rapid progression Poor therapeutic response Blistering necrosis Cyanosis Extreme local[emedicine.com] mental status.[orthobullets.com] : - acute gangrene: at level of fascia, streptococci pyogenes, produces acute gangrene, a form of necrotizing fascitis; - initially there is rapid onset of marked tissue edema[wheelessonline.com]

  • Polyarteritis Nodosa

    Unfortunately, he died due to congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema 1 year after discharge following the cholecystectomy.[alliedacademies.org] He had symptoms of myalgia and weight loss, was afebrile but had an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and acute-on-chronic renal impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ordinary blood tests often show elevated sedimentation rates (SR) and anaemia as signs of general inflammation.[socialstyrelsen.se]

  • Cellulitis

    Physical Assessment  Local symptoms:  Erythema and edema of area  Warm to touch,  Possibly fluctuant (tense, firm to palpation)  May resemble peau d’orange  Advancing[slideshare.net] […] erythrocyte sedimentation rate, elevated C-reactive protein Skin surface swab, blood cultures, cutaneous aspirates are NOT routinely recommended Recommended ONLY if malignancy[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Elevated white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate are the most common laboratory results in people with cellulitis, though the prevalence[physio-pedia.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Finally, microvascular occlusion by perivascular edema, accumulation of neutrophils, and local thrombosis occur. Table 1. Reperfusion injury: physiopathogenic elements.[f1000research.com] In addition, some patients may have an altered mental status caused by medications or impaired cerebral perfusion.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] injury affects not only myocytes but also the microvasculature, where ROS produce direct damage of endothelial cells, causing increased permeability of the capillary wall and edema[f1000research.com]

  • Osteomyelitis

    Septic appearance with no localized findings 3. Diffuse, edema, erythema, warmth and swelling of a limb 4.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). ,, It may be elevated in non-infectious forms of inflammation ( arthritis etc.).[medicaljoyworks.com] Here, we describe an epidemiologically atypical patient who initially presented with fever and altered mental status and later found to have calvarial osteomyelitis, intracranial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Abscess

    edema and inflammation that develops into a well-circumscribed collection of pus. 7 Brain abscesses result from the direct extension of a contiguous suppurative focus, from[jcda.ca] Laboratory investigation revealed severe leucocytosis (WBC count: 16, 6 1O³) with 94, 3% polymorph nuclear cells, 0, 4 % lymphocytes and elevated sedimentation rate of 60[ajns.paans.org] CASE REPORT A 67-year old gentleman with history of scalp angiosarcoma with wide excision two years prior presented to the hospital for left arm clumsiness, altered mental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intracranial Abscess

    edema and inflammation that develops into a well-circumscribed collection of pus. 7 Brain abscesses result from the direct extension of a contiguous suppurative focus, from[jcda.ca] A statistically significant elevation of median values was seen for erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), fibrinogen and body temperature in the study group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status), and blood cultures.[emdocs.net]

  • Malaria

    local atrophy and gliosis ( 58 ).[doi.org] The erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and procalcitonin are almost invariably elevated.[doi.org] Group 1 includes all patients who present with prostration or altered mental status (ie, confusion, agitation, or coma).[emedicine.com]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    Later, ophthalmoplegia (typically the 6th cranial nerve in the initial stage), proptosis, and eyelid edema develop and often become bilateral.[merckmanuals.com] This gentleman presented with altered mental status, asymmetrical exophthalmos and multiple cranial nerve palsies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thrombolytics may be experimentally administered to treat CST patients locally particularly for severe refractory cases.[symptoma.com]

  • Weil's Disease

    Conjunctival suffusion is characterized by redness and edema of conjunctivae, mainly on the palpebral conjunctiva.[dx.doi.org] Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) may be also elevated.The kidneys are commonly involved in leptospirosis.[en.wikipedia.org] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]