Create issue ticket

17 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Generalized Motor Seizure, Prominent Sulci

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    There was complete resolution of cerebral edema in all patients and mild interval prominence of the cerebral sulci, which can indicate cerebral volume loss, in three out of[bloodjournal.org] His altered mental status, however, resolved with control of blood pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical manifestations include headache; nausea; vomiting; seizures; altered mental status (in some cases progressing to coma); papilledema; and retinal hemorrhage ICD-9-[icd9data.com]

  • Hypoxia

    Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • AIDS-associated Meningoencephalitis

    Patients with meningitis or encephalitis generally present with one or more of the following: fever, headache, neck pain or stiffness, altered mental status, or seizure.[aafp.org] MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[cid.oxfordjournals.org] Altered mental status is rare and if present should increase suspicion for acute purulent meningitis or encephalitis.[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Creutzfeldt Jakob disease is characterized by dementia, motor dysfunction, twitches, seizures, psychosis, and hallucinations.The duration of the disease is generally less[symptoma.com] B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[ajnr.org] .— Acute cerebellitis is a clinically defined condition most commonly characterized by acute cerebellar ataxia, associated with nausea, headache, and altered mental status[doi.org]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    Cognitive and behavioral decline was preceeded by 6-18 months in two children with intractable focal motor seizures with secondary generalization, one child with complex partial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[cureus.com] mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis

    CT head showed prominent sulci suggestive of cerebral atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe two children, aged four and 14 years, who both presented with seizures and altered mental status after recent fresh water swimming exposures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS AND RESULTS We describe two children, aged four and 14 years, who both presented with seizures and altered mental status after recent fresh water swimming exposures[unboundmedicine.com]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[ajnr.org] We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, altered mental status, and maculopapular rash, who was diagnosed with locally acquired WNV encephalitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients usually have a fever, headache, and altered mental status.[symptoma.com]

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The various symptoms and signs include headache, nausea, vomiting, ataxia, dizziness, alteration in mental status, motor weakness, seizures, [9] bilateral progressive blindness[mjdrdypu.org] The lesions were more prominent in the cerebellar sulci compared with in the cerebral sulci.[ajnr.org] Patients may present with an altered mental status. Additionally, focal or generalized seizures, as well as meningism, may be reported.[symptoma.com]

  • Postictal State

    Seizures of Generalized Onset Grand mal (generalized motor) Generalized seizures involve abnormal electrical activity in all of the cerebral cortex simultaneously.[dartmouth.edu] Ventricles, sulci and cisterns were mildly prominent for age and there was mild cerebral cortical volume loss.[annals-general-psychiatry.biomedcentral.com] If a patient remains confused for longer than 20 minutes after a seizure, consider another cause of altered mental status [4].[ems1.com]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    Seizures, frequently focal motor or focal with secondary generalization, occur in the first week after nonmissile trauma in approximately 5% of patients, but they herald chronic[dartmouth.edu] The fluid space between the cortex and the calvarium appears to be increased and the sulci/gyri may appear prominent. View prominent sulci/gyri.[hawaii.edu] Seizures appearing weeks to years following injury are much more likely to represent a chronic and recurring disorder.[dartmouth.edu]