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15 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)

Did you mean: Altered Mental Status, Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    […] in the globus pallidus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wernicke encephalopathy, a triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and altered mental status, is a serious consequence of thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a 5-year-old patient with stage 4, high-risk neuroblastoma who developed altered mental status, ataxia, and tachycardia during consolidative autologous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    […] of Globus Pallidus (broad arrow), suggestive of Extrapontine myelinolysis.[ipfs.io] mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Extrapontine myelinolysis manifests predominantly as areas of bilateral FLAIR /T2-weighted imaging hyperintensity in the globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus, which are[doi.org] .— Acute cerebellitis is a clinically defined condition most commonly characterized by acute cerebellar ataxia, associated with nausea, headache, and altered mental status[doi.org] MR imaging abnormalities consist primarily of restricted hyperintensity in the striatum on diffusion-weighted and FLAIR /T2-weighted images ( Fig 20 ), with a peculiar anteroposterior[doi.org]

  • Binswanger Disease

    The bilateral cerebral white matter and globus pallidus appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging (Figures 5 and 6). 5) Figure 5. CO poisoning(FLAIR image) Figure 6.[plaza.umin.ac.jp] Related articles: Ischemic stroke , Approach to cognitive impariment , Approach to acute confusion “altered mental status” ,[learningneurology.com] An elderly man with a long-standing history of dementia presented with acute-onset altered mental status.[jaocr.org]

  • Cyanide Poisoning

    […] recovery images in the region of the striatum and the globus pallidus.[ajnr.org] Common poisoning features include dyspnea, altered respiratory patterns, abnormal vital signs, altered mental status, seizures, and lactic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status (eg, confusion, disorientation) *List may not be comprehensive.[cyanokit.com]

  • Cyanide Exposure

    […] recovery images in the region of the striatum and the globus pallidus.[ajnr.org] mental status (eg, confusion, disorientation) *List may not be comprehensive.[cyanokit.com] It causes many symptoms including headache, confusion, dyspnea, chest tightness, nausea, vomiting, altered mental status, seizures, coma, mydriasis, tachypnea/hyperpnea(early[pemcincinnati.com]

  • Encephalopathy

    Conventional MRI may reveal hyperintense signal on T1-weighted images in the globus pallidus, subthalamic region, and midbrain, and may also show diffuse cortical edema and[ajronline.org] […] or structure” and says the “hallmark of encephalopathy is an altered mental status.”[acphospitalist.org] mental status in these patients, as they are at high risk for comorbidities including bleeding, infection, drug interactions, and electrolyte disturbances.[mdcalc.com]

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    Rarely, hyperintensities and mild mass effect have been reported in the globus pallidus on T1-weighted images.[emedicine.com] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com] If the T2 lesions show enhancement, glioma development should be suspected.[emedicine.com]

  • Neuromyelitis Optica

    To aid in diagnosis, other MR imaging features include the following: cerebral atrophy; hyperintensities on T2-weighted images in the dentate nuclei, globus pallidus, substantia[pubs.rsna.org] Five patients had atypical symptoms (1, 2, 3, 4 and 6) including dysphonia, vomiting, hiccups, headache and altered mental status.[scielo.br]

  • Wilson Disease

    On T1W images, these lesions are normal to hypointense but hyperintense lesions especially in globus pallidus may also be seen [ 2 ].[omcr.oxfordjournals.org] mental status" under medical history for "confusion" [ 17 ].[bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com] The lesions showed no signal-intensity abnormality on T2-weighted images. The cause of hyperintensity in T1-weighted images remains elusive.[ajnr.org]

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