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2,098 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Hypotension, Tachycardia, Tachypnea

  • Influenza

    There can also be tachycardia and dyspnea but with hypotension. Vomiting and diarrhea may also occur, but are rare findings associated with the disorder.[symptoma.com] The main clinical manifestations found in the included patients were fever, cough, intercostal indrawing, wheezing, tachypnea and pulmonary crackles.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here, we represent a case of a 32year-old female who presented with acutely developed altered mental status after influenza A infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Upon examination, patients may have some or all of the following findings: Fever of 100-104 F; fever is generally lower in elderly patients than in young adults Tachycardia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Pneumonia

    A 23-month-old girl visited the emergency department with high fever, cough, first wheezing episode, chest retraction and tachycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Oral flora and/or gastric contents in the lung space can lead to tachypnea, pulmonary edema, spasm and a diffuse pneumonitis picture on chest X-ray.[clinicaladvisor.com] Consider administering IV fluids to suspected pneumonia patients who are hypotensive, feel weak, have dry mucus membranes or poor skin turgor. 3.[ems1.com] One week after admission, she developed fever, dyspnea, hypoxemia, tachycardia, and increased serum C-reactive protein level.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Tamponade

    These patients often develop frequent ascites and present with clinical signs and symptoms similar to cardiac tamponade (tachycardia, hypotension and dyspnea).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initial vital signs revealed mild tachycardia, mild tachypnea and blood pressure elevated to 162/84mm Hg along with a temperature of 38.7 C and oxygen saturation of 96% on[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After induction of general anesthesia for scrotal exploration and possible orchiopexy, the patient developed severe and persistent hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here, we present a case of an intravenous drug user who presented with altered mental status and a rectal temperature of 105.4 .[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Sepsis

    A 63-year-old woman presented with fever, tachycardia and tachypnoea, with right sided chest and hypochondrial pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The infant was managed with respiratory support and gradually infant improved and diagnosis of transient tachypnea of newborn was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Septic shock is defined as hypotension with a mean arterial pressure less than 65 mm Hg, requiring vasopressors despite adequate fluid resuscitation and/or lactic acid levels[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The major diagnostic criteria for sepsis are altered mental status , increased respiratory rate, and low blood pressure .[medicinenet.com]

  • Malignant Hyperthermia

    Characteristic signs of malignant hyperthermia (MH) include unexplained tachycardia, increased end-tidal carbon dioxide (Etco₂) concentration, metabolic and respiratory acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Many features of a typical malignant hyperthermia episode were present, including tachydysrhythmia, tachypnea, and fever in association with metabolic acidosis, hyperCKemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 10 minutes of halothane anesthesia, the patient became tachycardic, hypotensive, hypoxemic, and hyperthermic, and the halothane was discontinued.[newswise.com] Serotonin toxicity is characterized by a triad of altered mental status, autonomic effects, and neuromuscular excitation.[calpoison.org]

  • Septicemia

    […] man with past medical history of myocardial infarction and hypertension was rushed to the emergency room after sudden onset of fever, chills, severe rigors, hypotension, tachycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever, chills, tachycardia (rapid heart beat), and tachypnea (rapid respirations) are common acute symptoms of septicemia.[healthcentral.com] Septic shock• Sepsis with– Hypotension, for at least 1 h, despite adequate fluidresuscitation– Need for vesopressor9 10.[slideshare.net] The major diagnostic criteria for sepsis are altered mental status, increased respiratory rate, and low blood pressure .[rxlist.com]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    […] adrenal insufficiency, but there are few reports of isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency without any electrolytes imbalance that showed polymorphic ventricular tachycardia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] light-headedness Fatigue Flank pain Headache High fever Loss of appetite Loss of consciousness Low blood pressure Nausea Profound weakness Rapid heart rate Rapid respiratory rate (see tachypnea[draxe.com] Unexplained hypotension may be a manifestation of an adrenal insufficient state in patients with a history of corticosteroid therapy on hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Altered mental status may occur at any age.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Septic Shock

    It is marked by hypotension, oliguria, tachycardia and confusion.[symptoma.com] Fever or hypothermia, leukocytosis or leukopenia, tachypnea, and tachycardia are the cardinal signs of the systemic response, that is often called the systemic inflammatory[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] hypotension, and both refractory hypotension and hyperlactatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE REPORT Our case involves an elderly man presenting with altered mental status of unknown etiology, in addition to hemodynamic instability, presumably due to septic shock[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    On arrival to the emergency department (ED) the patient was noted to be febrile with tachycardia, tachypnea, and hypoxia and was intubated for respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is feasible that severe acidosis, hypotension, azotemia, hypoalbuminemia and the superimposed aggressive intravenous fluid administration were important risk factors for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status; white blood cell count 12,000 per mm 3 (12 10 9 per L), 4,000 mm 3 (4 10 9 per L), or 10 percent immature forms; elevated C-reactive protein level; arterial[aafp.org] The symptoms usually appear shortly after birth and may include tachypnea, tachycardia, chest wall retractions (recession), expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and cyanosis[orpha.net]

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    Electrocardiogram revealed supraventricular tachycardia. The arterial blood gas analysis was normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The signs and symptoms of chronic poisoning include: Frequent headache Nausea and vomiting Amnesia Tachypnea Malaise Dyspnea on exertion Confusion Depression Behavioral changes[symptoma.com] At the emergency department, hypotension and hyperthermia were severe in patient 1, moderate in patient 2, and absent in patient 3, although all the patients were comatose[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Altered mental status on emergency department arrival, white blood cell count, and increased exposure duration were the independent factors associated with development of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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