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430 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Loss of Speech, Seizure

  • Hypoglycemia

    At first you may feel: shaky, sweaty, weak or hungry If not treated, you may feel: irritable, confused, slurred speech, headache, tingling, or loss of consciousness or seizures[virginiamason.org] Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the central nervous system resulting in hunger; sweating; paresthesia; impaired mental function; seizures; coma[icd9data.com] A hyperglycemic patient with an altered mental status may receive a bolus of glucose.[emedicine.com]

  • Stroke

    Stroke can lead to paralysis, loss of speech, memory, vision, diminished reasoning—and sometimes even death.[barnesjewish.org] We report an event in which a seizure and stroke occurred together and consider that the stroke may have been caused by seizure-induced demand ischaemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Head Injury

    , weakness or numbness in the extremities, loss of coordination, and increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.[ninds.nih.gov] Abstract Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) presents a distinct clinical course of biphasic seizures and impaired consciousness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Therefore, basic guidelines as to when to seek medical care can include the following: Altered mental status.[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    OBJECTIVE: To present the case of a man with progressive speech loss and other clinical features and diagnostic tests consistent with fronto-temporal dementia but whose postmortem[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical phenotype was remarkable for spastic dysarthria, limb spasticity, and seizures, in addition to more typical features of EOFAD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a brain disorder that affects a person's thoughts, memory, speech, and ability to carry out daily activities.[sleepfoundation.org]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures

    In the brain, it acts on the neurons and initially causes a loss of inhibition. You loosen up, your speech flows more smoothly and soon you become the life of the party.[braindiseases.blog] seizures and the development of delirium tremens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status after 3 witnessed seizures.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    […] and vomiting Pain Difficulty with walking and keeping balance Numbness Slurred or confused speech Disorientation Irritability and personality changes Loss of appetite Feeling[medicaldaily.com] Seizures often occur at the time the hematoma forms, or up to months or years after treatment. But medicines can help control the seizures.[nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Meningitis

    Early diagnosis is vital, as symptoms can appear suddenly and escalate to brain damage, hearing and/or speech loss, blindness, or even death.[web.archive.org] Clinical manifestations include fever; nuchal rigidity; photophobia; seizures; hearing loss, sensorineural; coma; and cerebrovascular thrombosis.[icd9data.com] […] of headache, fever, neck stiffness, and altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    […] or vision, paraesthesiae, disorientation, fits ,loss of consciousness and papilloedema. 5. • Hypertensive encephalopathy is a neurological dysfunction induced by malignant[slideshare.net] RESULTS: We identified 8233 patients with HE, 191 091 with seizure, and 308 680 with transient ischemic attack.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] His altered mental status, however, resolved with control of blood pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    Stroke symptoms include sudden weakness, blindness, loss of speech and numbness on half of the body. Other symptoms also can include seizure and loss of consciousness.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] Abstract Three normotensive patients presented with seizures and CT showed an intracerebral hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initial symptoms may include a change in mental status, meaning an alteration in the wakefulness of the patient.[medicinenet.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] of consciousness Seizures Nausea and vomiting Weakness on one side of your body Unexplained numbness or tingling Slurred speech or other speech disturbance Visions problems[neurosciences.uvahealth.com] None of the patients with epilepsy after discharge had electrographic seizures while hospitalized.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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