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38 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Lyme Meningoencephalitis

  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis

    Meningoencephalitis, Lyme[] Neurologic symptoms of neuroborreliosis include the meningoradiculitis (which is more common in European patients), cranial nerve abnormalities, and altered mental status.[] In addition, some case reports have described altered mental status as the only symptom seen in a few cases of early neuroborreliosis.[]

  • Lyme Meningoencephalitis

    The text is based on the chapter Monitoring of Lyme borreliosis and meningoencephalitis agents in ticks published in yearbook Prague Environment 2006.[] Patients may also present with neurological deficits, altered mental status, and seizures , indicating increased intracranial pressure ( ICP ).[] mental status.[]

  • Myelitis

    Acute transverse myelitis is most commonly due to multiple sclerosis but can occur with vasculitis, mycoplasmal infections, Lyme disease, syphilis, TB, or viral meningoencephalitis[] Bickerstaff’s brainstem encephalitis (BBE) is a rare, autoimmune mediated inflammatory condition, which is associated with opthalmoplegia, altered mental status and ataxia[] In addition to opthalmoplegia, and ataxia, altered mental status (74%), 2 bulbar palsy (34%) 1 and facial diplegia(45%) 2 have all also been noted in the literature.[]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    Possible range of diagnosis included; nerurosarcoidosis, lyme disease, chronic meningoencephalitis (i.e.[] After 2 years, the patient presented with altered mental status and headaches, without visual complaints, or pupil abnormalities.[] The patient’s course was also complicated by balance disturbances and altered mental status.[]

  • Lyme Disease

    "Altered mental status, an unusual manifestation of early disseminated Lyme disease: A case report" . J. Med. Case Rep . 1 : 62. doi : 10.1186/1752-1947-1-62 .[] In addition, some case reports have described altered mental status as the only symptom seen in a few cases of early neuroborreliosis. [28] The disease may adversely impact[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    […] disease ( A69.21 ) meningococcal ( A39.0 ) neurosyphilis ( A52.13 ) tuberculosis ( A17.0 ) meningoencephalitis and meningomyelitis in bacterial diseases classified elsewhere[] mental status, or confusion.[] Poor prognostic factors include low blood platelet count, low coagulation index, moderate anemia with hemoglobin less than 11 g/dL, altered mental status and history of convulsions[]

  • Meningoencephalitis

    Specific types include: Bacterial [ edit ] Listeria monocytogenes Neisseria meningitidis Rickettsia prowazekii Mycoplasma pneumoniae Tuberculosis Borrelia ( Lyme disease )[] Stage Two: Stage two of the infection involves signs and symptoms include a stiff neck, altered mental status, hallucinations, seizures, and coma.[] Presentation The clinical hallmark of acute encephalitis is the triad of fever, headache and altered mental status. [ 6 ] Most patients with viral encephalitis present with[]

  • Acute Cerebellar Ataxia

    Four previously published reports of cerebellar ataxia with Lyme disease are reviewed.[] Different case series excluded or included patients with altered mental status, rash (as would be expected with varicella), and preexisting developmental delay.[] Without focal neurologic changes, asymmetric ataxia, or altered mental status, the yield of the image is low.[]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    , meningitis, meningoencephalitis, encephalopathy, focal neurologic signs, ataxia, vertigo, chorea, and transverse myelitis.[] List of causes for alteration in mental status Acute encephalopathy (Acute confusional state; Altered mental status) Delirium is characterized by: Fluctuations of alertness[] Patient admitted with suspected UTI and worsening altered mental status, possible encephalopathy will f/u.”[]

  • Bacterial Encephalitis

    Lyme disease may also cause encephalitis. Bartonella henselae can also lead to this.[] Classic Presentation Fever Altered Mental Status Stiff Neck The classic triad of meningitis includes fever, neck stiffness, and altered mental status.[] Lyme disease or Bartonella henselae may also cause encephalitis. [ citation needed ] Other bacterial pathogens, like Mycoplasma and those causing rickettsial disease, cause[]

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