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32 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Hypoglycemia

    A hyperglycemic patient with an altered mental status may receive a bolus of glucose.[emedicine.com] A 38-year-old man was admitted with altered mental status and bradycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This procedure usually is performed in the case of an unconscious patient or a patient with altered mental status.[emedicine.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    Her serum [Na] and altered mental status corrected slowly over the next 48 hours with furosemide, hypertonic saline, and fluid restriction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SUMMARY: An 82-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with altered mental status thought to be due to complicated cystitis and was treated with TMP-SMX 160 mg[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was eventually admitted to the hospital with altered mental status and was noted to have hyponatremia with serum sodium of 121 mEq/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    mental status (encephalopathy from the accumulation of waste products or uremic poisons), and restless legs syndrome; chest pain due to pericarditis (inflammation around[emedicinehealth.com] […] and pale skin (from anemia); shortness of breath from fluid accumulation in the lungs; headaches, numbness in the feet or hands (peripheral neuropathy), disturbed sleep, altered[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    Catatonia vis-à-vis delirium: the significance of recognizing catatonia in altered mental status . General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 37, Issue. 6, p. 554.[bjp.rcpsych.org]

  • Graves Disease

    Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is often managed with radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. With current dosing schemes, the vast majority of patients develop permanent post-RAI hypothyroidism and are placed on life-long levothyroxine therapy. This hypothyroidism typically occurs within[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Hypercalcemia: Typical findings in hypercalcemia can include: -Poor feeding -Vomiting -Constipation -Abdominal Pain -Hypertension -Altered mental status In more severe cases[clinicaladvisor.com] mental status, and hypocalcemia. 3 Tetany, which may be mistaken for motor seizures, results from spontaneous action potentials originating in peripheral nerves when the[epilepsy.com] mental status, soft tissue calcification or renal damage.[endocrinologyadvisor.com]

  • Insulinoma

    A rare case of hypoglycaemia due to insulinoma in an adolescent with acutely altered mental status. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2014;27:773–6.[ijpeonline.biomedcentral.com] Even if their altered mental status is more pronounced, other diagnoses such as substance abuse, trauma, or epilepsy may be deemed more likely [ 10, 11 ].[ijpeonline.biomedcentral.com] Case Presentation In this report, we present a 15-year-old female who visited her primary care provider complaining of intermittent episodes of altered mental status including[ijpeonline.biomedcentral.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    A 49-year-old man presented with altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is done in part to prevent them from aspirating since many alcoholics will present with altered mental status and/or episodes of emesis.[ebmconsult.com]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk] TP Patients typically present with neurologic symptoms such as altered mental status and lethargy, and occasionally seizures or coma if the hypernatremia is severe.[musculoskeletalkey.com] mental status increase dietary potassium, administer potassium, supplement (IV & PO) - potassium chloride, monitor I&O and serum potassium level, may place patient on telemetry[quizlet.com]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Thyroid storm should be considered in the differential of any patient presenting with altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thyroid storm is the most severe form of thyrotoxicosis, hallmarked by altered sensorium, and, if untreated, is associated with significant mortality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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