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29 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Pediatric Disorder, Prominent Sulci

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The lesions were more prominent in the cerebellar sulci compared with in the cerebral sulci.[] Patients may present with an altered mental status. Additionally, focal or generalized seizures, as well as meningism, may be reported.[] Metabolic encephalopathy is the common nonmetastatic cause of altered mental status in cancer patients.[]

  • Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis

    CT head showed prominent sulci suggestive of cerebral atrophy.[] Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2007 Sep. 7(3):266-80. [Medline]. Park SY, Glaser C, Murray WJ, et al.[] We describe two children, aged four and 14 years, who both presented with seizures and altered mental status after recent fresh water swimming exposures.[]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[] Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a bleeding disorder whose estimated incidence is 4.2/100.000 person/years in the pediatric age group.[] mental status.[]

  • Meningoencephalitis

    MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[] International pediatric multiple sclerosis study group criteria for pediatric multiple sclerosis and immune-mediated central nervous system demyelinating disorders: revisions[] An extensive laboratory workup for the etiology of his altered mental status was unremarkable, except for a mildly elevated white blood cell count in the cerebrospinal fluid[]

  • Hypoxia

    Grossly, the lesion was marked by preserved gyral crests and involved sulci, resulting in prominent, mushroom-shaped gyri.[] Our pediatric department focuses on intractable and rare disorders during pediatric period. Our metabolic unit (conducted by Dr.[] As just written above, we have various investigations specialized for pediatric disorders.[]

  • Postictal State

    Ventricles, sulci and cisterns were mildly prominent for age and there was mild cerebral cortical volume loss.[] […] in patients with epilepsy The effects of treatments and surgery on behavior Pediatric and adolescent epilepsy Disorders associated with epilepsy that impact behavior And[] If a patient remains confused for longer than 20 minutes after a seizure, consider another cause of altered mental status [4].[]

  • Citrullinemia

    B, Contrast-enhanced axial CT scan shows prominent cingulate gyri atrophy and ulegyric changes in the frontal lobes.[] Liver transplantation for urea cycle disorders in pediatric patients: a single-center experience.[] Laboratory evaluation of urea cycle disorders. J Pediatr. 2001 Jan. 138(1 Suppl):S21-9. [Medline]. Tamamori A, Fujimoto A, Okano Y, et al.[]

  • Methylmalonic Acidemia

    CT on the same day of admission depicted mild prominence of the cortical sulci and ventricular system.[] Department of Pediatric Metabolic Disorders Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Iran 3.[] Acute Presentation Lethargy, altered mental status Nausea, vomiting Hepatomegaly Laboratory Findings Hypoglycemia Metabolic acidosis with anion gap Hyperammonemia There are[]

  • Ondine Syndrome

    The ventricles and sulci were thought to be slightly prominent for the patient's age. MRI findings are shown in Figure 1.[] Pediatr. Res., 55 (5), 729–33. Gaultier C, Trang H, Dauger S, Gallego J (2005). Pediatric disorders with autonomic dysfunction: what role for PHOX2B? Pediatr.[] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    Pre-contrast axial CT Sulci and gyri are very prominent due to cortical atrophy, unlike in obstructive hydrocephalus where there is effacement of sulci and gyri.[] All had mean arterial pressures above 130 mmHg and presented primarily with altered mental status. While half required ventriculostomy, only one required shunting.[] The patient developed altered mental status on postoperative day 2. Computed tomography of the brain revealed obstructive hydrocephalus and intraventricular hemorrhage.[]