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2,237 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Periodic Lateralized Epileptiform Discharges, Prominent Sulci

  • Meningoencephalitis

    MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[] An extensive laboratory workup for the etiology of his altered mental status was unremarkable, except for a mildly elevated white blood cell count in the cerebrospinal fluid[] Diagnosis [ edit ] Clinical diagnosis includes evaluation for the presence of recurrent or recent herpes infection, fever, headache, altered mental status, convulsions, disturbance[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    These include periodic lateralising epileptiform discharges in encephalitis, frontal intermittent delta activity in toxic–metabolic or structural abnormalities (if asymmetrical[] B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[] .— Acute cerebellitis is a clinically defined condition most commonly characterized by acute cerebellar ataxia, associated with nausea, headache, and altered mental status[]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[] We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, altered mental status, and maculopapular rash, who was diagnosed with locally acquired WNV encephalitis[] Patients usually have a fever, headache, and altered mental status.[]

  • Stroke

    Periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges: Aetiology and association with EEG seizures. Neurology Asia 9: 107-108. Markus HS (2004) Cerebral perfusion and stroke.[] The common chameleons were initially diagnosed as altered mental status (AMS) (29, 31%), syncope (15, 16%), hypertensive emergency (12, 13%), systemic infection (10, 11%),[] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    This case report describes a 48-year old female who presented with altered mental status, lower extremity weakness, low back pain and a recent history of subjective fevers[] Paramedics bring a 26-year-old man to the ED with acute-onset altered mental status. He has a history of back pain. An open, unlabeled pillbox was found.[]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    lateralized epileptiform discharges. 1 Whereas it is gratifying to learn that the boy recovered fully after treatment with 15 mg of acyclovir per kilogram of body weight[] Patients with HSE typically present with a prodrome of headaches and fever, followed by sudden focal neurological deficits and altered mental status.[] Periodic Lateralized Epileptiform Discharges (PLEDS) were present in EEG.[]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    mental status should be treated I Continuous EEG monitoring in patients with altered mental status that is out of proportion to extent of brain injury IIa 16 Concurrent cardiac[] Initial symptoms may include a change in mental status, meaning an alteration in the wakefulness of the patient.[] […] of SBP IIb 13 High blood sugar Control adequately, avoiding hypoglycemia I 14 Fever Control adequately IIb 15 Seizures Clinical seizures and abnormal EEG in patients with altered[]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Epilepsy

    Focal cortical dysplasia is a common cause of medically refractory epilepsy in infancy and childhood. We report a neonate with seizures occurring within the first day of life. Continuous video-EEG monitoring led to detection of left motor seizures and a right frontal EEG seizure pattern. Brain MRI revealed a lesion[…][]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Encephalopathy

    mental status, tonic-clonic seizures, and hypertension.[] Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures.[] Clinical case: Seizures and altered mental status in a young woman We may have just posted an episode on the initial evaluation of a patient with altered mental status, and[]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Brain Neoplasm

    mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance Central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms also may manifest as follows: Focal seizures Fixed visual changes Speech[] Manifestations may be nonspecific and include the following: Headache Altered mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance CNS neoplasms also may manifest[] […] compression of essential gray or white matter Shifting of intracranial contents Secondary cerebral ischemia Symptoms may be nonspecific and include any of the following: Headache Altered[]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci

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