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2,668 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Profound Mental Retardation, Prominent Sulci

  • Meningoencephalitis

    MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[academic.oup.com] An extensive laboratory workup for the etiology of his altered mental status was unremarkable, except for a mildly elevated white blood cell count in the cerebrospinal fluid[mdedge.com] Diagnosis [ edit ] Clinical diagnosis includes evaluation for the presence of recurrent or recent herpes infection, fever, headache, altered mental status, convulsions, disturbance[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    They can range from hyperintensities in the parietal and occipital region, brain stem lesions, and marked atrophy, causing prominence of sulci.[cureus.com] mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 20-year-old pregnant woman with altered mental status. N Engl J Med 357:589–600 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 30.[link.springer.com]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[ajnr.org] We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, altered mental status, and maculopapular rash, who was diagnosed with locally acquired WNV encephalitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients usually have a fever, headache, and altered mental status.[symptoma.com]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Reye's syndrome is a rare but serious condition that results in microvesicular hepatic steatosis (fatty changes of the liver) and acute encephalopathy (altered mental status[ebmconsult.com] Usually presents after a preceding viral infection with acute onset of profuse vomiting and altered mental status ranging from a personality change to coma.[bestpractice.bmj.com] Diagnosing Reye syndrome Reye syndrome is a medical emergency and should be suspected in any child showing acute onset of severe vomiting and altered mental status.[health24.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Metabolic Disease

    Clinical Practice Guidelines 1, Sachiko St. Jeor 2, Kristin Castorino 3, Ayesha Ebrahim 1, Dan Hurley 4, Lois Jovanovic 5, Jeffrey Mechanick 6, Steven Petak 7, Yi-Hao Yu 8, Kristina Harris 9, Penny Kris-Etherton 9, Robert Kushner 10, Maureen Molini-Blandford 2, Quang Nguyen 11, Raymond Plodkowski 2, David Sarwer 12,[…][doi.org]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Lead Poisoning in Children

    In the setting of acute poisoning, where large concentrations of lead are seen in the circulation, encephalopathy, cerebral edema, vomiting, seizures and altered mental status[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Powassan Encephalitis

    RESULTS: Case 1 was a 78 year old man who was presented with altered mental status and a 30 second generalized tonic-clonic seizure. He had no prior history of seizures.[neurology.org] Symptomatic patients present 1 week to 1 month after infection with general symptoms of encephalitis, which include fever, headache, altered mental status, and seizures.[upmc-cbn.org] Initial symptoms consist of fever and headache and, ominously, altered mental status. One-half have gastrointestinal symptoms and one-third have rash.[ahcmedia.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis

    We describe a well-documented case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) in a patient who presented with fever and altered mental status and who had focal cranial lesions that[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 50-year-old man was admitted in midwinter with fever, altered mental status and new onset generalised tonic-clonic seizure with urinary incontinence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eastern equine encephalitis Specialty Infectious disease Symptoms high fever, muscle pain, altered mental status, headache, meningeal irritation, photophobia, and seizures[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • Japanese Encephalitis

    There are many residual symptoms which patients suffer lifelong even after recovery from active infection such as language impairment, altered mental status and cognitive[symptoma.com] Symptoms may include altered mental status, agitation, confusion, and psychosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Altered mental status may rapidly follow and can range from mild confusion to agitation to overt coma.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci
  • California Encephalitis

    mental status, such as: [1] [5] [6] [7] [8] Disease Similarities Differentials Meningitis Classic triad of fever, nuchal rigidity, and altered mental status Photophobia,[wikidoc.org] Less than 1% of infected individuals show symptoms of severe encephalitis (including seizures, altered mental status , and coma ) and die from the disease.[medicinenet.com] CNS dysfunction includes seizures, focal neurologic findings, and alteration in mental status.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]

    Missing: Prominent Sulci

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