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100 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Progressive Memory Impairment, Visual Hallucination

  • Brain Concussion

    CTE is marked by "memory loss, confusion, impaired judgment, impulse control problems, aggression, depression, and, eventually, progressive dementia," according to Boston[rt.com] Neuroimaging is done if there is loss of consciousness, GCS 15, focal neurologic deficits, persistently altered mental status, or clinical deterioration.[merckmanuals.com] The symptoms of CTE may include memory loss, confusion, impaired judgment, impulse control problems, aggression, depression, anxiety, suicidality, parkinsonism (movement symptoms[alz.org]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    As the disease progresses, muscle spasms and problems with balance and walking may develop. Memory impairment, tremors, confusion, depression or paranoia may also occur.[livehealthy.chron.com] Catatonia vis-à-vis delirium: the significance of recognizing catatonia in altered mental status . General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 37, Issue. 6, p. 554.[bjp.rcpsych.org] hallucinations the so called megaloblastic madness have been described with vitamin B-12 deficiency.[ispub.com]

  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies

    Our patient suffered worsening language impairment with major word-finding difficulties but preserved comprehension. She also developed episodic memory impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] that contribute to the manifestation of visual hallucinations in DLB.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alzheimer's disease (AD) is slowly progressive with prominent memory disturbance in early stage. As the disease progresses, other cognitive domains become involved.[ci.nii.ac.jp]

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    On the 27th day of exposure, the patient developed disorientation and memory impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It then progresses to altered mental status, unsteady gait and ataxia (inability to make coordinated movements.)[medictests.com] These include: Dizziness Confusion Agitation Delirium and hallucinations Headache Vertigo Visual disturbances like diplopia Abdominal pain Lethargy Chest pain Palpitation[symptoma.com]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Profound neurological symptomatology also encompasses memory loss, speech impairment or aphasia, anosmia, limb weakness or even hemiparesis.[symptoma.com] Patients with HSE typically present with a prodrome of headaches and fever, followed by sudden focal neurological deficits and altered mental status.[amboss.com] Although rare, visual impairment can be associated with complex visual hallucinations indicative of Charles Bonnet syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Lobe Tumor

    Although radiation therapy may lead to longer survival, the side effects of radiation, such as impaired thinking and memory, limit its practical use in people with these tumors[aans.org] Case Presentation An 18-year-old man presented to the emergency department following a witnessed seizure with altered mental status.[jaocr.org] "Assuming for now a more rational scientific view, he was having a visual hallucination and he heard God's voice," Devinsky observes.[npr.org]

  • Frontal Lobe Neoplasm

    Although radiation therapy may lead to longer survival, the side effects of radiation, such as impaired thinking and memory, limit its practical use in people with these tumors[aans.org] Manifestations may be nonspecific and include the following: Headache Altered mental status Ataxia Nausea Vomiting Weakness Gait disturbance CNS neoplasms also may manifest[emedicine.medscape.com] In addition, the inability to then use radiation treatments if or when the tumor progresses has led many doctors to defer radiation treatments in patients who are not having[aans.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Mild cognitive impairment Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease : A rare progressive brain disorder. Dementia : General memory loss.[uhhospitals.org] .— Acute cerebellitis is a clinically defined condition most commonly characterized by acute cerebellar ataxia, associated with nausea, headache, and altered mental status[doi.org] Her symptoms included behavioral change, visual hallucinations, vertigo, and recent falls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Malaria

    Memory was normal, with much progress and learning every day. She seemed to have visual disorders and at admission in the unit experienced voiding dysfunction.[em-consulte.com] An 84-year-old Somali woman presented with a 3-day history of altered mental status, spiking fevers, chills, bilateral leg pain and weakness, and intermittent diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A self-limiting psychosis characterized by visual and auditory hallucinations with or without aggressive behavior developed in two children 4 to 5 days after complete recovery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Delirium

    […] in memory and attention Acute onset; most cases remit with correction of underlying medical condition Dementia Memory impairment Disorientation, agitation Chronic, slow onset[aafp.org] : The information compiled using this cluster of cases, and a similar reported outbreak of altered mental status in Colorado, implicating the same SC (ADB-PINACA) and brands[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although she exhibited transient visual hallucinations during the delirium, she had no overt dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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