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23 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Recurrent Pneumonia due to Aspiration

  • Aspiration Pneumonia

    A 64 year old woman presented with persistent and severe symptoms due to recurrent aspiration pneumonias associated with oesophageal reflux.[] Additionally, altered mental status on emergency department arrival, white blood cell count, and increased exposure duration were independently associated with the development[] An 80-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with recurrent right-sided aspiration pneumonia, found on barium swallow to be due to diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis[]

  • Hypotension

    Clinical presentation was hoarseness, aspiration pneumonia and hypoxemia requiring ventilatory support.[] Jones' tachycardia and altered mental state point to hypoperfusion and sepsis. Mr.[] Neuropraxia of recurrent laryngeal nerve due to prolong intra-operative hypotension, even with normal endotracheal tube cuff pressure was the likely mechanism.[]

  • Foreign Body

    Children with partial oesophageal obstruction may present with a chronic course featuring inability to feed, failure to thrive, fever, recurrent aspiration pneumonitis/pneumonia[] A 35-year-old man presented to the emergency department with profuse rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and an altered mental status.[] Occasionally a foreign body may be left inadvertently in the vagina because of altered mental status.[]

  • Bronchial Compression

    Therefore, we considered that bronchial artery hypertrophy attributed to pulmonary artery fibrosis due to recurrent aspiration pneumonia may cause esophageal compression,[] mental status) from obstructed venous drainage in the upper thorax (i.e. superior vena cava syndrome), or respiratory compromise from airway obstruction and loss of lung[] […] anesthetic considerations, as they can be associated with hemodynamic compromise from pulmonary artery and cardiac compression, neurologic problems (increased ICP, headache, and altered[]

  • Foreign Body Aspiration

    The right lower lobe of the lung is the most common site of recurrent pneumonia in foreign body aspiration.[] mental status.[] pneumonia of a specific lung lobe.[]

  • Clostridium Difficile

    There were no procedure-related adverse events, except aspiration pneumonia in one patient.[] Although metronidazole was initiated, she developed altered mental status and septic shock.[] During the follow-up period (mean 11.4 months), recurrence of CDI was observed in one patient at one month after FMT due to antibiotics.[]

  • Bacteremia

    The first patient is a two -month- old boy who had been hospitalized in pediatric surgery unit for suspected tracheo-esophageal fistula because of recurrent aspiration pneumonia[] The development of septicemia leading to sepsis and septic shock will commonly cause hypotension, altered mental status, and decreased urine output due to hypovolemia from[] The results of multivariate analysis (with n 1288) indicated that 11 predictors were associated with bacteremia: age 65 years old, chills, vomiting, altered mental status,[]

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type 1

    […] from swallowing disturbances and dysphagia further complicated by recurrent aspiration pneumonia.[] There were no other associated neurologic symptoms such as changes in vision or in hearing, convulsions, paresis, loss of consciousness, or altered mental status.[] Respiratory failure probably has been caused not only by neuromuscular disorders affecting the diaphragm due to compression of neural centers in the brainstem, but also resulted[]

  • Ependymoblastoma

    Two passed away postoperatively with aspiration pneumonia.[] Signs and symptoms related to this include headache, nausea/vomiting, ataxia, strabismus, irritability, and altered mental status; infants may exhibit macrocephaly and bulging[] One patient died due to complications of chemotherapy and another one due to tumor recurrence 1 year after surgery. Only the patient with CPP is alive after 2 years.[]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    She had a complicated hospital course, and had recurrent respiratory distress due to aspiration pneumonia, and fluctuating mental status and seizures that were refractory[] mental status, and choreoathetoid movements.[] […] in the restiform bodies No 4 55M Altered mental status No Initial 3.89 101 IVMP x5 days, PLEX x5 days ZON, LEV, LCM Right unilateral mesial temporal lobe hyperintensity No[]

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