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83 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Renal Insufficiency, Salicylate Poisoning

  • Dehydration

    Vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweating, burns, kidney failure, and use of diuretics may cause dehydration.[merckmanuals.com] She presented with a 2-day history of altered mental status, ataxia, lethargy, fever, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Meningitis was ruled out.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some problems that may occur include: heat injury, cerebral edema, seizures, hypovolemic shock, kidney failure, coma and death.[physio-pedia.com]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Serum salicylate levels do not always reflect the severity of poisoning.[symptoma.com] Take-Home Points Elderly patients with altered mental status require a thorough medical evaluation for high-risk clinical conditions.[jucm.com] , acute renal failure.[sjrhem.ca]

  • Acidosis

    Tinnitus or vertigo may occur with salicylate poisoning.[patient.info] Creatinine will often be elevated as a marker of renal insufficiency, but may be normal, especially in the setting of acute overdoses.[calpoison.org] Headache, altered mental status, seizures, coma. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain. Chest pain, cardiac dysrhythmias, palpations.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Lactic Acidosis

    poisoning and ethylene glycol may cause lactic acidosis.[labcorp.com] CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that LALA occurs more frequently than VALA does and is associated with renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE REPORT: The neurologic symptoms include altered mental status, slurred speech, and ataxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Serum toxicology, including ethanol concentration and tests for the presence of benzodiazepines, barbiturates and for common co-ingestants in poisoning such as salicylates[clinicaladvisor.com] Exceptions to this may occur in individuals with certain underlying organic conditions (e.g. renal or hepatic insufficiency) in whom small doses of a substance may produce[who.int] Debra Posted Tue 28th of October, 2014 16:35:08 PM When patient's present to the Emergency Room intoxicated with altered mental status or ALOC, they may receive services to[supercoder.com]

  • Drug-induced Hypoglycemia

    poisoning 45, 94, 95.[f1000research.com] Reported cases usually describe patients who were elderly, had renal or hepatic insufficiency, were on insulin or sulfonylureas, or had severe systemic disease.[academic.oup.com] Severe hypoglycemia : Altered mental status that requires assistance of a third party to actively administer carbohydrates, glucagon, or take other corrective actions.[empendium.com]

  • Ethylene Glycol

    5.0 mg per dL (0.35 mmol per L) 15 to 30 Diagnosis Little correlation exists between blood levels of ethylene glycol and severity of poisoning, 4 making the diagnosis unclear[aafp.org] Despite early treatment with fomepizole and without the development of acidosis or renal insufficiency, the patient required HD for hyperosmolality and subsequent electrolyte[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the case of a 16-year-old healthy adolescent male who presented to the local emergency department with altered mental status.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    Salicylate poisoning classically results in an increased anion gap metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Insufficiency Cohort) Study.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A recent paper from the ExTRIP workgroup suggests treating massive APAP overdose with hemodialysis if there is altered mental status, elevated lactate, metabolic acidosis,[thepoisonreview.com]

  • Ethylene Glycol Poisoning

    However, acidosis has a large number of differential diagnosis, including poisoning from methanol, salicylates, iron, isoniazid, paracetamol, theophylline, or from conditions[en.wikipedia.org] BACKGROUND: We assessed the predictive value of selected factors on the outcomes of death and prolonged renal insufficiency (RI) from ethylene glycol poisoning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ethylene glycol intoxication should be considered in the patient who presents with an altered mental status, unexplained metabolic acidosis, and elevated anion and osmolal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalopathy

    UREMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY Uremia describes the final stage of progressive renal insufficiency, which culminates in end-stage kidney failure with neurologic involvement.[encyclopedia.com] ., alcohol, salicylates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, tricyclic antidepressant or antipsychotic medications, poisons, organophosphates, hydrocarbons, recreational drugs,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] mental status, tonic-clonic seizures, and hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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