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83 Possible Causes for Altered Mental Status, Renal Insufficiency, Salicylate Poisoning

  • Dehydration

    Vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweating, burns, kidney failure, and use of diuretics may cause dehydration.[] She presented with a 2-day history of altered mental status, ataxia, lethargy, fever, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Meningitis was ruled out.[] Some problems that may occur include: heat injury, cerebral edema, seizures, hypovolemic shock, kidney failure, coma and death.[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Serum salicylate levels do not always reflect the severity of poisoning.[] Take-Home Points Elderly patients with altered mental status require a thorough medical evaluation for high-risk clinical conditions.[] , acute renal failure.[]

  • Acidosis

    Tinnitus or vertigo may occur with salicylate poisoning.[] Creatinine will often be elevated as a marker of renal insufficiency, but may be normal, especially in the setting of acute overdoses.[] Headache, altered mental status, seizures, coma. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain. Chest pain, cardiac dysrhythmias, palpations.[]

  • Lactic Acidosis

    poisoning and ethylene glycol may cause lactic acidosis.[] CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that LALA occurs more frequently than VALA does and is associated with renal insufficiency.[] CASE REPORT: The neurologic symptoms include altered mental status, slurred speech, and ataxia.[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Serum toxicology, including ethanol concentration and tests for the presence of benzodiazepines, barbiturates and for common co-ingestants in poisoning such as salicylates[] Exceptions to this may occur in individuals with certain underlying organic conditions (e.g. renal or hepatic insufficiency) in whom small doses of a substance may produce[] Debra Posted Tue 28th of October, 2014 16:35:08 PM When patient's present to the Emergency Room intoxicated with altered mental status or ALOC, they may receive services to[]

  • Drug-induced Hypoglycemia

    poisoning 45, 94, 95.[] Reported cases usually describe patients who were elderly, had renal or hepatic insufficiency, were on insulin or sulfonylureas, or had severe systemic disease.[] Severe hypoglycemia : Altered mental status that requires assistance of a third party to actively administer carbohydrates, glucagon, or take other corrective actions.[]

  • Ethylene Glycol

    5.0 mg per dL (0.35 mmol per L) 15 to 30 Diagnosis Little correlation exists between blood levels of ethylene glycol and severity of poisoning, 4 making the diagnosis unclear[] Despite early treatment with fomepizole and without the development of acidosis or renal insufficiency, the patient required HD for hyperosmolality and subsequent electrolyte[] We report the case of a 16-year-old healthy adolescent male who presented to the local emergency department with altered mental status.[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    Salicylate poisoning classically results in an increased anion gap metabolic acidosis.[] Insufficiency Cohort) Study.[] A recent paper from the ExTRIP workgroup suggests treating massive APAP overdose with hemodialysis if there is altered mental status, elevated lactate, metabolic acidosis,[]

  • Ethylene Glycol Poisoning

    However, acidosis has a large number of differential diagnosis, including poisoning from methanol, salicylates, iron, isoniazid, paracetamol, theophylline, or from conditions[] BACKGROUND: We assessed the predictive value of selected factors on the outcomes of death and prolonged renal insufficiency (RI) from ethylene glycol poisoning.[] Ethylene glycol intoxication should be considered in the patient who presents with an altered mental status, unexplained metabolic acidosis, and elevated anion and osmolal[]

  • Encephalopathy

    UREMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY Uremia describes the final stage of progressive renal insufficiency, which culminates in end-stage kidney failure with neurologic involvement.[] ., alcohol, salicylates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, tricyclic antidepressant or antipsychotic medications, poisons, organophosphates, hydrocarbons, recreational drugs,[] mental status, tonic-clonic seizures, and hypertension.[]

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