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141 Possible Causes for Ammonia Increased, Respiratory Alkalosis

  • Urea Cycle Disorder

    […] distress * Respiratory alkalosis * Increased blood ammonia level * Failure to thrive * Constant infant crying * Agitation * Hyperactive behavior * Self-injury * Screaming[checkorphan.org] A 10- or 25-µmol/l increase in ammonia exposure increased the relative risk of a hyperammonemic crisis by 50 and 200% (P 0.0001), respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Soon after, seizures, hypotonia (poor muscle tone, floppiness), respiratory distress (respiratory alkalosis), and coma may occur.[nucdf.org]

  • Propionic Acidemia

    The objective of this study was to determine whether N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) reduces plasma levels of ammonia and glutamine and increases the rate of ureagenesis in patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alkalosis Urea cycle disorders Metabolic Profiles Organic and Amino Acid Disorders Metabolic Profiles Organic and Amino Acid Disorders Newborn screening is available dependent[vdocuments.mx] […] chain disorder Ammonia: Lactate Acidosis Ketones: Absent or inappropriately low Fatty acid oxidation defects Acidosis: Absent Respiratory Alkalosis Urea cycle disorders Newborn[nanopdf.com]

  • Hyperornithinemia-Hyperammonemia-Homocitrullinuria Syndrome

    Blood ammonia increased from high normal values to 975, 990, and 750 mumol/liter (normal less than 70) and urinary orotic acid from trace to 539, 494, and 1296 mumol/mmol[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The neonatal presentation usually begins a few days after birth with lethargy, somnolence, refusal to feed, vomiting, tachypnea with respiratory alkalosis, and/or seizures[orpha.net] While ammonia in plasma was not increased the supply of citrulline or arginine led to a reduction of plasma glutamine compared to ornithine supplement or to no supplement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase Deficiency

    They may rapidly progress to respiratory alkalosis as ammonia increases with cerebral edema, seizures, loss of reflexes, hypothermia, apnea, and coma.[clinicaladvisor.com] Initial laboratory findings will include respiratory alkalosis which is the earliest objective indication of encephalopathy.[themedicalbiochemistrypage.org] alkalosis 0001950 Vomiting Throwing up 0002013 Showing of 21 Last updated: 11/1/2018 Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging.[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Hyporeninemic Hypoaldosteronism

    […] that renal ammonia production increased.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A patient with progressive renal failure due to multiple myeloma presented with a mixed acid-base disorder (non-anion gap acidosis and respiratory alkalosis) with persistent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] alkalosis) with persistent severe hyperkalemia.[readbyqxmd.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    alkalosis are as follows: [4] Palpitation Tetany Convulsion Sweating Causes [ edit ] Respiratory alkalosis may be produced as a result of the following causes: Mechanism[en.wikipedia.org] In renal mechanism, there is decreased H -Na exchange, decreased excretion of acid and ammonia, increased excretion of HCO 3 – and K , retention of CI – . 5.[biologydiscussion.com] A) Excretion of bicarbonate B) Increased production of ammonia C) Secretion of H into renal tubular fluid C,B[studystack.com]

  • Isovaleric Acidemia

    Routine laboratory evaluation revealed an anion gap metabolic acidosis (anion gap of 23) and respiratory alkalosis, in the absence of a potential bicarbonate (pH, 7.31; [PCO.sub[thefreelibrary.com] […] intracranial pressure attention to “sweaty foot” body odor Labs Blood – venous blood gas for blood pH – electrolytes, measured CO2, glucose – blood ammonia (**draw WITHOUT[newenglandconsortium.org] , Lactic ) - Alkalosis ( Metabolic , Respiratory ) - Mixed disorder of acid-base balance - H 2 O Dehydration / Hypervolemia - K Hypokalemia / Hyperkalemia - Cl Hyperchloremia[wikidoc.org]

  • Laxative Abuse

    The HCO3 is beyond the lower limit (of 18mmol/l) for a simple respiratory alkalosis with metabolic compensation. Clues : The anion gap is normal.[anaesthesiamcq.com] The diagnosis of classical renal tubular acidosis, Type I, was confirmed by our inability to decrease urinary pH beyond 5.5 and to increase ammonia excretion during an ammonium[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] No evidence of metabolic alkalosis.[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Hyperammonemia Type 3

    As has been indicated above, the central nervous system is most sensitive to increased concentrations of ammonia.[symptoma.com] Findings: Serum ammonia 510 µmol/L Respiratory alkalosis Elevated urinary orotic acid Outcome: Anterograde and retrograde amnesia.[nucdf.org] Ammonia levels may be factitiously increased if the tourniquet is too tight for a long period.[ebmconsult.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    ammonia production, increased bicarbonate reabsorption, altered sodium reabsorption, hypokalemic nephropathy and elevated blood pressure. 5 Hyperkalemia Hyperkalemia results[acls.com] References [1] Flemma, RJ and Young, WG Jr: The Metabolic effects of mechanical ventilation and respiratory alkalosis in postoperative patients. Surg. 56: 36, 1964.[link.springer.com] Metabolic Alkalosis, to a lesser degree, acute respiratory alkalosis 2. Hypokalemic Periodic paralysis 3. Barium or theophylline poisoning 4.[enotes.tripod.com]

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