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20 Possible Causes for Amnesia, Apathy, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Hypoglycemia

    Feeling of numbness, pins and needles (paresthesia) Negativism, irritability, belligerence, combativeness, rage Personality change, emotional lability Fatigue, weakness, apathy[en.wikipedia.org] […] weakness; palpitations; irritability; nervousness; tingling or warmth sensation; hunger; nausea; and vomiting Neuroglucopenic signs and symptoms: confusion, drowsiness, amnesia[ems1.com] […] with diabetes treated with insulin who may show reduction in spontaneous movements and speech, somnolence, poor thinking and work performance, changes in personality and amnesia[patient.info]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Apathy was identified in 31.6%; apathy without depression was present in 33.3% of patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All subjects were asked about all types of head injury before their diagnosis of PD, including head injuries that had caused loss of consciousness, subsequent amnesia, or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mayes, Evidence of an amnesia-like cued-recall memory impairment in nondementing idiopathic Parkinson's disease, Cortex, 10.1016/j.cortex.2015.06.021, 71, (85-101), (2015)[dx.doi.org]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    The syndrome has 2 components: Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE), and Korsakoff’s amnesia (KA).[neuropathology-web.org] An identical memory defect ( Korsakoff's amnesia ) is caused by bilateral hippocampal damage .[neuropathology-web.org] Anterograde amnesia has been reported in thalamic infarcts involving the mammillothalamic tracts (which project to the anterior thalamic nuclei).[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Insulinoma

    Neuroglycopenic symptoms include dizziness, confusion, apathy, amnesia, personality and behavioral changes, visual disturbances, seizure, and coma. 2 The diagnosis of insulinoma[journals.lww.com] Neuroglycopenic symtoms oberserved in patients are headache, confusion, lethargy, diplopia, blurred vision, amnesia, seizures and in more severe cases unconsciousness.[symptoma.com] Neuroglycopenia Adrenergic Diplopia (double vision) Weakness, warmth Blurred vision Sweating Confusion, Abnormal behavior Hunger Amnesia to Symptoms, Events Tremor Seizures[endocrinediseases.org]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Table 1 Psychiatric symptoms seen with hyperthyroidism Anxiety Apathy (more often seen in older patients) Cognitive impairment Delirium Depression Emotional lability Fatigue[mdedge.com] KEYWORDS: Dissociative amnesia; Dissociative disorder; Graves' disease; Hyperthyroidism[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These consisted of amnesia for episodes of shoplifting behaviors and a suicide attempt, developing together with an exacerbation of Graves' hyperthyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

    Severe vitamin B(12) deficiency produces a cluster of neurological symptoms in infants, including irritability, failure to thrive, apathy, anorexia, and developmental regression[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This can consequentially lead to very severe symptoms of deficiency, ranging from depression over the destruction of nerves in limbs and the spinal cord to severe amnesia.[b12-vitamin.com] “Psychiatric disturbances of vitamin B12 deficiency include depression, apathy, irritability, dementia, delirium and hallucinations.[infowars.com]

  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies

    In AD patients, depression was significantly associated with premorbid neuroticism, and agitation, apathy, and irritability with premorbid agreeableness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sleep disorders including rapid eye movement sleep disorder, restless legs syndrome, nocturnal cramps. Fainting spells.[patient.info] The neuropsychological evaluation showed a multiple domain without amnesia MCI subtype with prefrontal dysexecutive, visuoperceptual, and visuospatial impairments and simultanagnosia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Insomnia

    Commonly prescribed hypnotics can cause irritability and apathy and reduce mental alertness. Many psychoactive drugs can induce abnormal movements during sleep.[msdmanuals.com] Cramps. N Engl J Med 1971;285:31-40. PubMed Google Scholar 118. Monderer RS, Wu WP, Thorpy MJ. Nocturnal leg cramps. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2010;10:53-59.[doi.org] The patient also suffered a typical episode of transient global amnesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Patients with obstructive sleep apnea often experience symptoms including excessive daytime sleepiness, apathy, and feeling lethargic.[verywell.com] We describe a case series of 4 patients with varying degrees of obstructive sleep apnea who incidentally had a history of nocturnal leg cramps.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Long-term cognitive and neuroanatomical stability in patients with anoxic amnesia: A Case Report . Brain Injury, Vol. 31, Issue. 5, p. 709.[journals.cambridge.org]

  • Vitamin Deficiency

    […] to beriberi, Wernicke’s encephalopathy (confusion, ataxia, nystagmus), and Korsakoff’s psychosis (confabulation, lack of insight, retrograde and anterograde amnesia, and apathy[mdedge.com] Nocturnal leg cramps are usually observed at night or when muscles are at rest. [ Read: Vitamin C Deficiency ] 9.[stylecraze.com] […] could leave you overdosing in vitamin D supplements, leading to a range of symptoms including nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, constipation, headache, bone pain, weakness, apathy[mercola.com]

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