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261 Possible Causes for Amnesia, Confusion, Dyslexia

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Dyslexia, incomplete homonymous hemianopia, preserved color identification with abnormal color vision on Ishihara, and simultanagnosia were all symptoms observed frequently[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Amnesia: A minimal model and an interpretation. In Cermak, L. S. (ed.), Human Memory and Amnesia, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 305–336.[oadoi.org] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Head Injury

    […] posterior section of the superior temporal gyrus.Damage to the Broca’s area typically produces symptoms like omitting functional words (agrammatism), sound production changes, dyslexia[en.wikipedia.org] Post-traumatic amnesia in a worker presenting with head trauma must be recognised by coworkers, so the cause of injury can be elicited early and the victim gets timely medical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] More than half (56%) screened positive for mTBI, defined as at least one instance in which they experienced a change in consciousness or a period of being dazed and confused[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    Weber’s syndrome, contralateral hemplegia, hemianopsia and a variety of other symptoms, including including color blindness, failure to see to-and-fro movements, verbal dyslexia[web.archive.org] […] of the limbic system, and stroke is the only etiology of amnesia that can delineate the entire pathway of memory and critical convergence points. (3) Stroke also impairs[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov]

  • Schizophrenia

    Maternal antibody-mediated dyslexia?[doi.org] […] and Cognitive Deficits" Electroconvulsive Therapy Causes Permanent Amnesia and Cognitive Deficits[schizophrenic.com] Information obtained included the socio-demographic characteristics, type of injury, durations of unconsciousness (LOC) and posttraumatic amnesia (PTA), psychiatric and psychoactive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Two patients had premorbid conditions which affected the assessment: dyslexia (one patient), and epilepsy and homonymous hemianopia (one patient).[jnnp.bmj.com] Amnesia in temporal lobectomy patients: historical perspective and review. Seizure 1998 ;7(1):15–24.[pubs.rsna.org] Most frequent symptoms at admission were fever, confusion, aphasia and seizures. Mortality rate was 11 %. 2 patients presented a clinical relapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Lobe Tumor

    […] upper quadrantanopia (sector anopsia ) Complex hallucinations (smell, sound, vision, memory) Dominant hemisphere [ edit ] Receptive aphasia Wernicke's aphasia Anomic aphasia Dyslexia[en.wikipedia.org] The difference between retrograde and anterograde amnesia is that retrograde amnesia is loss of memory from before an event.[patient.info] A person with Wernicke’s dysphasia may also suffer from a lack in comprehension, confusing them further.[livestrong.com]

  • Parasomnia

    Developmental disorders were diagnosed in 30 children (41.7%), more frequently in combinations with: attention-hyperactivity disorder (30.6%), dyslexia and dysgraphia (13.9%[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Confusion during the episode and amnesia for the event are common.[sleep.health.am] Sleepwalkers may open their eyes while asleep or be confused when they wake up.[somnique.com]

  • Pick Disease of The Brain

    Some individuals experience surface dyslexia or dysgraphia. Individuals with surface dyslexia have difficulty understanding written words.[rarediseases.org] An amnesia score (Berliner Amnesietest-Kurzform) and the d2 test were highly pathological.[jnnp.bmj.com] It is also known as Pick disease and PiD (not to be confused with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or Parkinson's disease (PD)).[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Gerstmann Syndrome

    The subjects were divided into two groups, those with normal-or-better reading ability and those with dyslexia equal in degree to their dyscalculia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] a) oriented and able to correctly provide personal information b) confabulates c) shows anterograde amnesia but not retrograde amnesia d) shows retrograde amnesia but not[brainaacn.org] Right–left confusion and finger agnosia can both be quickly screened for with the classic command, "Touch your right ear with your left thumb." 14.[neuroexam.com]

  • Lead Poisoning

    Lead exposure in early childhood is linked to later increased risk for dyslexia and school failure.[time.com] […] occurs as a consequence of a toxic environment: prolonged ingestion or inhalation of lead-containing material (e.g. contaminated water, paints, batteries). neuropsychiatric amnesia[radiopaedia.org] Symptoms include abdominal pain, confusion, headaches, irritability and can result in seizures, coma and death.[dailymail.co.uk]

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