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107 Possible Causes for Amnesia, Cortical Thinning

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Na, Dae Ryong Kang and Sang Won Seo, Higher education affects accelerated cortical thinning in Alzheimer's disease: a 5-year preliminary longitudinal study, International[dx.doi.org] Amnesia: A minimal model and an interpretation. In Cermak, L. S. (ed.), Human Memory and Amnesia, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 305–336.[oadoi.org] ., posterior cingulate, precuneus, and/or temporoparietal cortices) on FDG-PET, and (3) cortical thinning/gray matter loss in a specific anatomic distribution (i.e., lateral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Participants showing poorer outcome on the GOSE had significantly longer posttraumatic amnesia duration; less education; performed more poorly on cognitive measures of information[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blast-Exposed Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Show Greater Frontal Cortical Thinning and Poorer Executive Functioning .[doi.org] The patient did not experience loss of consciousness or post-traumatic amnesia and the patient's Glasgow Coma Scale score was 15.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    Stufflebeam , Current dipole orientation and distribution of epileptiform activity correlates with cortical thinning in left mesiotemporal epilepsy , NeuroImage , 52 , 4 ,[doi.org] Defining the phase of memory processing most relevant to this form of amnesia, and the roles of physiological and structural pathology, requires further research.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] demonstrate the diagnostic value of a nonvisual fMRI task to lateralize MTLE despite congenital blindness and may therefore contribute to the risk assessment for postsurgical amnesia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Schizophrenia

    Patterns of cortical thinning in different subgroups of schizophrenia. The British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science 206, 479 – 483.[doi.org] […] and Cognitive Deficits" Electroconvulsive Therapy Causes Permanent Amnesia and Cognitive Deficits[schizophrenic.com] Information obtained included the socio-demographic characteristics, type of injury, durations of unconsciousness (LOC) and posttraumatic amnesia (PTA), psychiatric and psychoactive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Lobe Disorder

    TLE patients and healthy controls. 2 This analysis showed that cortical thinning in patients with TLE was considerably greater than cortical thinning associated with normal[nature.com] […] of future-thinking and memory impairments in amnesia may be related.[jneurosci.org] The difference between retrograde and anterograde amnesia is that retrograde amnesia is loss of memory from before an event.[patient.info]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    thinning in patients with Parkinson’s disease longitudinally, Brain, 10.1093/brain/awu036, 137, 4, (1120-1129), (2014).[oadoi.org] All subjects were asked about all types of head injury before their diagnosis of PD, including head injuries that had caused loss of consciousness, subsequent amnesia, or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mayes, Evidence of an amnesia-like cued-recall memory impairment in nondementing idiopathic Parkinson's disease, Cortex, 10.1016/j.cortex.2015.06.021, 71, (85-101), (2015)[oadoi.org]

  • Vascular Dementia

    thinning 41 and cortical atrophy, 42 which occurs 10 years before the onset of symptoms.[scielo.br] CASE REPORT We report a 51-year-old right-handed man with no medical history, who presented an acute onset vascular dementia associated with an antero-retrograde amnesia,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In 2012, he developed gait disturbance and mild amnesia. One year later, his gait disturbance worsened, and he developed urinary incontinence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    thinning in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, Sleep, 2013 , vol. 36 (pg. 1153 - 62 ) 32 Deficits in memory and visuospatial learning correlate with regional[academic.oup.com] Transient global amnesia (TGA) is characterised by sudden onset of anterograde amnesia with repetitive questioning, lasting less than 24 hours.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Compared with WM, GM atrophy is more strongly associated with disease progression. 11 Atrophy in deep GM structures begins very early in the disease, and cortical thinning[doi.org]

  • Memory Impairment

    CONCLUSIONS: Different memory-related cortical regions thinning were found in the episodic memory deficit group when individually compared to the groups of patients without[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During the 5 years until his death, R.B. exhibited marked anterograde amnesia, little if any retrograde amnesia, and showed no signs of cognitive impairment other than memory[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here we report on five patients who developed memory deficits such as transient global amnesia immediately after PDT for actinic keratosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    The best predictors of outcome to include aqueductal flow void , thinning of the corpus callosum, effacement of the sulci with absence of cortical atrophy and gait apraxia[docneuro.com] Evidence of cortical or hippocampal atrophy is not consistent with the diagnosis and degenerative diseases should be considered instead.[clinicaladvisor.com] Characteristic findings include rounding or bowing of the lateral and third ventricles, thinning of the corpus callosum, and a flow void in the aqueduct of Sylvius.[clinicaladvisor.com]

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