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100 Possible Causes for Amnesia, Deep White Matter Changes

  • Alcohol Dementia

    The CT showed prominent sulci and gyri with deep white matter changes. There were no other abnormalities.[gponline.com] These are the characteristics of anterograde amnesia . Research shows that anterograde amnesia results from a failure of memory formation and storage.[dementiatoday.net] In contrast, retrograde amnesia will aggravate disorientation in time, space and among other people.[symptoma.com]

  • Stroke

    Early features include: loss of grey-white matter differentiation, and hypoattenuation of deep nuclei: lentiform nucleus changes seen as early as 1 hour after occlusion, visible[radiopaedia.org] […] of the limbic system, and stroke is the only etiology of amnesia that can delineate the entire pathway of memory and critical convergence points. (3) Stroke also impairs[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Papanicolaou, AC, Levin, HS, Eisenberg, HM, Moore, BD, Goethe, KE, High, WM Evoked potential correlates of posttraumatic amnesia after closed head injury.[journals.sagepub.com]

  • Vascular Dementia

    Several pathogenic mechanisms appear implicated in the causation the deep white matter changes of Binswanger's disease, and hypoxia-ischemia resulting from watershed injury[web.archive.org] In 2012, he developed gait disturbance and mild amnesia. One year later, his gait disturbance worsened, and he developed urinary incontinence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Periventricular and deep white matter changes on T 2 -weighted MRI that are excessive for age 2 … … 3. Focal changes in electroencephalographic studies 3 27 1 31.8 D.[dx.doi.org]

  • Dementia

    It may be particularly related to frontal deep white matter lesions. 16 Cognitive and behavioral changes in SVD are due to disruption of the frontal cortico-subcortical circuit[doi.org] As arteriosclerotic brain disease progresses, amnesia tends to extend further into the past,… Read More[britannica.com] Graveline, for one, is certain that Lipitor was to blame for his 1999 amnesia incident.[scientificamerican.com]

  • Susac Syndrome

    In addition, high-signal-intensity changes are usually seen in the periventricular white matter and the deep gray matter [ 1 ].[ajronline.org] […] partial status epilepticus ) Headache Migraine ( Familial hemiplegic ) - Cluster - Vascular - Tension Vascular Transient ischemic attack ( Amaurosis fugax , Transient global amnesia[wikidoc.org] Though most commonly involving white matter, many patients also had lesions in deep grey matter structures, as well as leptomeningeal enhancement.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Consistent with this reduction, we showed that changes in diffusion indices of tissue damage within major clinically relevant white matter (corpus callosum and corticospinal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] tract) and deep grey matter (thalamus) structures were significantly reduced during the treatment phase (P 0.02, corrected).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    White matter changes (WMC) INPH is known to be associated with deep white matter changes (DWMC) and smooth periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) [ 51 ] on MRI ( Figure 2B )[intechopen.com] White-matter changes: A distinction is drawn between periventricular and “deepwhite matter changes ( e49, e50 ); only the former are considered a sign of NPH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] white matter.[ajnr.org]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    The frontal dysexecutive syndrome and personality change could be explained by the involvement of frontal lobe white matter and the sensory symptoms, diplopia, and increased[jamanetwork.com] Amnesia in temporal lobectomy patients: historical perspective and review. Seizure 1998 ;7(1):15–24.[pubs.rsna.org] In conclusion, the most frequent neurological sequelae were aphasia and amnesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Huntington's Disease

    Both deep grey matter and to a lesser degree white matter are involved in HD.[radiopaedia.org] (The so-called cortical dementias primarily involve the cerebral cortex and are associated with aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, and severe amnesia.)[emedicine.medscape.com] Although all modalities capable of structural brain imaging will demonstrate morphological changes of Huntington disease, MRI has the greatest spatial and contrast resolution[radiopaedia.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Some other features, such as the presence of abnormal hyperintensity in the periaqueductal gray matter and posterior deep white matter tracts, were also common, and although[ajnr.org] Besides amnesia and impaired attention (89% each), frontal lobe syndrome (75%), aphasia (63%), and apraxia (57%) were the most common neuropsychological deficits.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In its extreme forms, memory loss is called amnesia. Treatment for traumatic brain injuries commonly includes medications, counseling, and/or occupational therapy.[dementiacarecentral.com]

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