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39 Possible Causes for Amylase Increased, Bicarbonate Decreased, Potassium Decreased

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    […] in serum bicarbonate concentration.[cjasn.asnjournals.org] The loss of electrolytes such as phosphate, potassium and magnesium can result in cardiac dysrhythmia.[emsworld.com] More marked increases, especially if lipase (amylase is less specific) is elevated 2-fold, suggest bile duct obstruction.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Ethanol increases the protein content of pancreatic juice and decreases bicarbonate levels and trypsin inhibitor concentrations.[emedicine.com] Serum calcium should be followed to assess for acute decrease and as part of Ranson’s criteria.[clinicaladvisor.com] Lab Increased amylase, increased lipase. Management Supportive bowel rest with parenteral nutrition.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Decreased perfusion due to a hypovolemic state potentiates the ischemia.[nurses.com] potassium level) Abdominal surgery Decreased blood supply to the intestines Infections inside the abdomen, such as appendicitis Kidney or lung disease Use of certain medicines[medlineplus.gov] potassium levels) Complications of abdominal surgery Decreased blood supply to the intestines ( mesenteric ischemia ) Infections inside the abdomen, such as appendicitis[nicklauschildrens.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Indeed this is much higher then expected given the relatively modest decrease in bicarbonate.[anaesthesiamcq.com] Blood sugar will also decrease. Fluids and potassium will be given through a vein ( intravenously ). This must be done carefully.[medlineplus.gov] Unfortunately, increased serum amylase, which may be released from extrapancreatic tissues, is not definitive for the diagnosis of pancreatitis in DKA.[endocrinologyadvisor.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Neutralization of dietary acid with sodium bicarbonate decreases kidney injury and slows kidney function decline, but sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) has sodium; so, doctors[nutritionfacts.org] The treatment for CKD and ESRD includes: Diet changes You should decrease the fat, salt, protein, and potassium in your diet.[healthline.com] Moderate metabolic acidosis (plasma bicarbonate content 15 to 20 mmol/L) is characteristic.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    15% to 20%, hyperchloremic acidosis, decreased serum bicarbonate level, potassium abnormalities (type dependent) Correct acidosis, sodium bicarbonate Salt-wasting nephropathies[aafp.org] Swollen brain cells react to hyponatremic conditions by decreasing their volume over approximately 48 h by the extrusion of potassium, sodium, chloride, and organic osmolytes[doi.org] However, GT drainage may induce cystitis, balanitis and/or hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and hyponatremia secondary to increased sodium bicarbonate urinary loss [ 21,[academic.oup.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    […] to between 7.25 and 7.30 (normal 7.35–7.45); serum bicarbonate decreased to 15–18 mmol/l (normal above 20); the person is alert Moderate: pH 7.00–7.25, bicarbonate 10–15,[en.wikipedia.org] In multivariable analyses, an elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration was associated with elevated serum amylase (odds ratio 1.04 per unit increase; 95% confidence[oadoi.org] Both insulin therapy and correction of acidosis decrease serum potassium levels by stimulating cellular potassium uptake in peripheral tissues.[spectrum.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Islet Cell Tumor

    Decreased pancreatic secretion of enzymes and bicarbonate accounts for the diarrhea and steatorrhea.[es.oncolink.org] Twenty-five of 47 (53%) patients had decreased serum potassium levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Increased IGF-II/IGF-I ratio was suggestive of NICTH in light of the large pelvic tumor.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypophosphatemia

    However, that this effect is not seen in metabolic alkalosis, for in such cases the cause of the alkalosis is increased bicarbonate rather than decreased CO2.[en.wikipedia.org] Increased intake Intravenous—sodium or potassium phosphate Oral administration—Neutraphos Rectal—Fleets phosphosoda enemas Decreased renal excretion Renal insufficiency/failure—acute[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] (6%, 1 patient each) in the i.v. group and blood amylase increases (17%, 2 patients) in the s.c. group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cholera

    Blood pressure drops due to dehydration, peripheral pulse is rapid and thready, and urine output decreases with time.[en.wikipedia.org] 40-fold increase from the V. cholerae secretory signal construct.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As the dehydration is corrected, potassium levels may decrease rapidly, and thus need to be replaced.[en.wikipedia.org]

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