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158 Possible Causes for Anasarca, Leg Edema, Pleural Effusion

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    This resulted in a relapse of generalized anasarca, associated with massive proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest radiography and computed tomography scans revealed right pleural effusion and a mass in the right middle lung field, which were confirmed by a percutaneous lung biopsy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One month after oral prednisolone was started at 40 mg daily and tapered to 10 mg daily, he developed lower leg edema on both sides and marked proteinuria (10.8 g/day).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Systemic Amyloidosis

    Persistent pleural effusions are not common in patients with primary systemic amyloidosis (AL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During this observation period, the level of IgE gradually increased and, at 2 years after the initial diagnosis, bilateral leg edema and ascites with marked hepatosplenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] . 11 , 19 Presentation varies from asymptomatic to a subtle decrease in exercise capacity to fatigue, dyspnea, and lower extremity edema to angina, syncope, ascites, and anasarca[bloodjournal.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    This may lead to peripheral edema or anasarca and nocturia (frequent nighttime urination when the fluid from the legs is returned to the bloodstream).[sciencedaily.com] A 79-year-old woman experienced episodic dyspnea with unilateral pleural effusion for 2 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complications include swelling of the legs (edema), kidney problems and fluid in the lungs.[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Constrictive Pericarditis

    On exam, he had massive anasarca with edema prominent up to his chest. He had an additional heart sound and marked JVD.[shmabstracts.com] Chest X-ray showed cardiac enlargement and an opacity suggestive for pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a 69-year-old woman with a 7-year history of leg edema and a 2-year history of ascites who was initially diagnosed with cryptogenic liver cirrhosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    Chylothorax is an unusual type of pleural effusion which results from the accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 65-year-old male with liver cirrhosis of alcoholic etiology was admitted to hospital with bilateral leg edema, ascites, and marked weakness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As liver function decreases, fewer proteins such as albumin are produced resulting in fluid accumulation in the legs (edema) or abdomen (ascites).[liver.ca]

  • Castleman Disease

    Constitutional symptoms: night sweats, fever ( 38oC), weight loss, or fatigue ( 2 CTCAE lymphoma score for B-symptoms) †Large spleen and/or liver †Fluid accumulation: edema, anasarca[raredr.com] All of UCD showed solitary mass in various sites and two of them were complicated by small pleural effusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] swelling (edema) Skin rashes The symptoms of MCD usually come on gradually.[sylvant.com]

  • Kimura Disease

    An 18-year-old male patient presented to us in 2006 with history of anasarca for the last one year, which used to be partially relieved with oral diuretics.[sjkdt.org] On admission, he had right moderate pleural effusion, but no ascites or any lymph nodal involvement. He developed recurrent pleural effusion and ascites in the ward.[sjmms.net] One month after oral prednisolone was started at 40 mg daily and tapered to 10 mg daily, he developed lower leg edema on both sides and marked proteinuria (10.8 g/day).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intestinal Lymphangiectasia

    We report a series of 4 children from Chennai, India presenting with anasarca, recurrent diarrhea, hypoproteinemia and confirmatory features of PIL on endoscopy and histopathology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Oedema in the arms resolved completely and the pleural effusions did not reaccumulate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Malabsorption with inability to gain weight, and finally weight loss and formation of leg edema were associated with protein-losing enteropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia

    PIL occurs in conjunction with a right hemifacial edema, a right upper limb lymphedema, asymmetric bilateral calves edemas, and a unilateral massive pleural effusion seems[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Malabsorption with inability to gain weight, and finally weight loss and formation of leg edema were associated with protein-losing enteropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a series of 4 children from Chennai, India presenting with anasarca, recurrent diarrhea, hypoproteinemia and confirmatory features of PIL on endoscopy and histopathology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Protein Losing Enteropathy

    We report the case of an 18-year-old woman that presented initially with diarrhoea and anasarca.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A case report of SLE with PLE in an Asian female; presented with edema, pleural effusion, ascites and profound hypoalbuminemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A man in his late seventies was suffering from right-sided pleural effusion and worsening leg edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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