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454 Possible Causes for Anemia, Hypoglycemia, Organic Brain Syndrome

  • Hypoglycemia

    Spurious hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hypoxemia in chronic hemolytic anemia. Isr J Med Sci. 1990 Nov. 26(11):606-10. [Medline]. Jokinen CH, Swaim WR, Nuttall FQ.[emedicine.com] On this page: What is hypoglycemia? What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia? What causes hypoglycemia in people with diabetes? How can hypoglycemia be prevented?[web.archive.org] Falls Injuries Motor vehicle accidents Hypoglycemia unawareness Over time, repeated episodes of hypoglycemia can lead to hypoglycemia unawareness.[mayoclinic.com]

  • Malnutrition

    Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can result from a child not eating for 4 to 6 hours.[en.wikipedia.org] Blood tests for anemia, electrolytes, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, ferritin, vitamin B 12 , and folate should be considered for assessment of major micronutrients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Confirmed associated disorders compounding the malnutrition include alcoholic cirrhosis, protein deficiency, and megaloblastic anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Islet Cell Tumor

    Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia(NICTH) is a rare cause of recurrent hypoglycemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A patient with a somatostatin (SRIH)-secreting islet cell tumor, whose only symptoms were dyspepsia and anemia, is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with von Hippel-Lindau are predisposed to developing tumors in a number of organs including the the brain (hemagioblastoma), the eye (hemagioblastoma), the kidney[pathology.jhu.edu]

  • Myxedema

    High mortality (30-60%) How do patients present (clinical diagnosis) AMS Hypothermia Hypotension Respiratory Failure Hypoglycemia Hyponatremia Potential physical exam findings[emdocs.net] […] secondary to hemorrhage, or macrocytic anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency, or normocytic normochromic anemia, which may be secondary to decreased oxygen requirement[emedicine.com] Hypoglycemia – The reduction on the metabolic rate affects the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose leading to hypoglycemia.[ehealthwall.com]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    Cardinal symptoms include fasting hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis and hepatomegaly as well as neutropenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a widely used marker of glycemic control but can be affected by hemolytic anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] brain syndrome Postseizure encephalopathy Management Nonhepatic causes of altered mental function must be excluded in patients with cirrhosis who have worsening mental function[emedicine.com]

  • Paraneoplastic Syndrome

    Three types of paraneoplastic anemias may be described, as follows: Chronic anemia resulting from an anti-erythropoietin factor, reduction in mean red blood cell (RBC) life[emedicine.medscape.com] […] and inexplicable hypoglycemia.[mattioli1885journals.com] brain syndromes, psychosis  Neurologic  Hypotonia, hyporeflexia, myopathy, paresis, coma 14.[slideshare.net]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Anemia is a common finding in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In a large cohort of pediatric patients with T1DM, no difference was observed in hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) levels, frequency of ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or need for increased[dx.doi.org] brain syndrome, psychosis) Mouth, nose, or vaginal ulcers” [1] The most common signs and symptoms of SLE in children and adolescents are: "fever, fatigue, weight loss, arthritis[physio-pedia.com]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    These physiological alterations appeared to be associated with the degree of anemia, ammonia level, and liver function.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] measures for the treatment of acute hepatic encephalopathy include correction and avoidance of any factor that could potentially aggravate pre-existent encephalopathy, such as hypoglycemia[healthcentral.com] DEFINITION • Portal-systemic encephalopathy is a complex organic brain syndrome characterized by disturbances in consciousness, fluctuating neurologic signs, asterixis or[slideshare.net]

  • Panhypopituitarism

    Hypoglycemia and cholestasis resolved with treatment of the underlying panhypopituitarism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Factors that predispose to secondary hemochromatosis in thalassemia patients include chronic transfusion therapy (major cause), intestinal iron absorption triggered by chronic anemia[asean-endocrinejournal.org] Preliminary blood work was significant for leukopenia (total white blood cell count 2.6 K/UL with 86% neutrophils) and normocytic anemia (hemoglobin 10.3g/dL).[austinpublishinggroup.com]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    Abstract To evaluate the dual-isotope Schilling test for the diagnosis of pernicious anemia or malabsorption syndrome, 65 studies were selected for clinical correlation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other organs of the body may be affected, including the brain, heart, lungs, and eyes.[encyclopedia.com] Herein, we describe a 14-year-old girl who presented with anemia, failure to thrive, osteoporosis, zinc, and vitamin deficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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