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1,164 Possible Causes for Anemia, Melena

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Although severe anemia can theoretically result in anemic hypoxia, vulnerable pallidal lesions have rarely been described in anemic patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The prevalence of an upper GI source for patients with melena or hematochezia without hematemesis was 32% to 74%.[doi.org] Five months after the surgery, she was re-admitted because of melena and anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

    CONCLUSION: This study did not uncover relationships between anemia and HRQoL or anemia and fatigue after nonvariceal AUGIB.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical presentation features primarily hematemesis, melena, and epigastric pain.[symptoma.com] An 11-year-old child with a history of hepatic trauma 6 months before was admitted for hematemesis and melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasm

    These polyps may ulcerate and erode the overlying mucosa, bleed, and cause chronic anemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] malignancies Usually older adults, median age 60 - 65 years; 1% occur in children Male female incidence Symptoms: abdominal pain, gastric outlet obstruction, mass effect, melena[pathologyoutlines.com] Massive hematemesis or melena is uncommon, but secondary anemia may follow occult blood loss.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Acute Gastritis

    Anemia: Chronic stomach bleeding can result from erosive gastritis, and the loss of blood can cause anemia.[marijuanadoctors.com] Signs of mild to massive upper GI bleeding, including melena or 'coffee ground' hematemesis, may also arise.[pathwaymedicine.org] In moderate to severe cases, patient presents with epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, haematemesis and melena.[differencebetween.com]

  • Colonic Angiodysplasia

    The patient presented with anemia unexpectedly before her aortic valve replacement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Black, tarry stools ( melena ) and occasional episodes of bright red blood rectal bleeding ( hematochezia ) may be the only obvious signs of angiodysplasia.[healthhype.com] In the subgroup of patients with anemia, mean hemoglobin levels increased from 9.3 (range, 5.5-12.2) g/dl before treatment to 12.6 (range, 7.4-16.7) g/dl after treatment ([ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cecal Adenocarcinoma

    A 23-year-old male presented with occult gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She denied fevers, melena, hematochezia, recent travel, or infections.[acgcasereports.gi.org] Original Articles: PDF Only Abstract Author Information Authors A 23-year-old male presented with occult gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anemia.[journals.lww.com]

  • Malignant Gastric Neoplasm

    She was found with severe anemia and thrombocytopenia during the third course of chemotherapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of Gastric CancerSymptom PercentWeight loss 62%Abdominal pain 52%Nausea 34%Dysphagia 26%Melena 20%Early satiety 18%Ulcer type pain 17% 10.[slideshare.net] Some patients experience weight loss, and others may present with melena or pallor from anemia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Primary Myelofibrosis

    The main clinical manifestations of PMF are anemia, bleeding, hepatosplenomegaly, fatigue, and fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gastrointestinal hemorrhages, hematochezia and melena, are commonly reported. Hepatosplenomegaly may cause upper abdominal pain, portal hypertension and ascites.[symptoma.com] The main adverse effects of ruxolitinib are anemia and thrombocytopenia.[merck.com]

  • Acute Myelocytic Leukemia

    However, it is not clear whether this autoantibody in AML patients induces frank hemolysis (autoimmune hemolytic anemia, AIHA), as seen in lymphoid neoplasms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients may claim a propensity for epistaxis, bleeding gums, melena and hematochezia, and hematuria.[symptoma.com] Boccardi V, Papa G, Antonelli S, Girelli G, Liso V, Manoelli F (1977) Autoimmune hemolytic anemia followed by myelomonocytic leukemia.[link.springer.com]

  • Gastric Adenocarcinoma

    A natural evolution can be traced back from gastric adenocarcinoma to megaloblastic anemia due to achlorhydria in the context of chronic infection; periodic endoscopy thus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 60-year-old man who had a pain and distention in his upper abdomen presented melena. Gastroscopy and pathology revealed a gastric cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 56-year-old Malaysian woman with a past medical history of iron deficiency anemia presented with lower extremity edema and progressive fatigue of 1 month's duration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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