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108 Possible Causes for Anemia, Virus Associated Hemophagocytic Syndrome

  • Sickle Cell Disease

    […] are no standard treatments that cure sickle cell anemia.[web.archive.org] The most common signs and symptoms of sickle cell anemia are linked to anemia and pain. Sudden pain throughout the body is a common symptom of sickle cell anemia.[web.archive.org] Recent medical literature contains the records of three patients, all negroes, or negroes with an admixture of Caucasian blood, in whom severe anemia, characterized by certain[doi.org]

  • Erythema Infectiosum

    However, the disease does not lead to a positive outcome in patients who are immunocompromised or already suffering from reticulocytopenia, hemolytic anemia or aplastic anemia[symptoma.com] Virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome.[cmr.asm.org] Bone marrow biopsy, which was performed to evaluate the anemia, was consistent with acute lymphocytic leukemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Histiocytosis

    The clinical features included fever, anemia, and marked hepatosplenomegaly without lymphadenopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The differential diagnosis among hemophagocytic syndromes and particularly between the virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (VAHS) and the malignant histiocytosis (HM)[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thus, based on analysis of the clinical findings of these 34 cases, the diagnostic criteria for AIVL consists primarily of cytopenia (anemia and/or thrombocytopenia), hepatosplenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    An 18-year-old woman with infectious mononucleosis developed splenic infarction and severe anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection accompanied by virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome, cerebellar ataxia and encephalitis.[emedicine.medscape.com] Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a rare cause of aplastic anemia in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pancytopenia

    Pancytopenia is most commonly seen in aplastic anemia. In aplastic anemia, our immune system attacks the healthy cells of bone marrow.[differencebetween.net] Virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome and hemorrhagic jejunal ulcer caused by cytomegalovirus infection in a noncompromised host; a case report of unusual entity.[scielo.br] Craig F, Clare N, Sklar J, Banks P (1991) T-cell lymphoma and the virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome. Am J Clin Pathol 97: 189–194. View Article Google Scholar 16.[journals.plos.org]

  • Castleman Disease

    Laboratory findings were consistent with anemia of inflammation. Direct antiglobulin test was positive without any other evidence of autoimmune anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] lymphoma; HLH-MAS, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis- macrophage activation syndrome; IgG4, IgG4-related disease; JIA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis; M-HLH, malignancy-associated[doi.org] Surgical resection cured the anemia and the Castleman disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multicentric Castleman's Disease

    Case 1: A 57-year-old woman had fever, anemia, anasarca, and some small cervical lymphadenopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] lymphoma; HLH-MAS, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis- macrophage activation syndrome; IgG4, IgG4-related disease; JIA, juvenile idiopathic arthritis; M-HLH, malignancy-associated[doi.org] In each case, tocilizumab alleviated symptoms, including generalized fatigue, pyrexia, and alleviated biochemical abnormalities, including anemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypergammaglobulinemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma

    The survival of autotransfused Cr 51 -tagged erythrocytes was shortened in a group of five patients with the anemia of Hodgkin’s disease, but since the normal marrow is believed[bloodjournal.org] Hodgkin lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome: a disorder strongly correlated with Epstein-Barr virus. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Aug 15. 47(4):531-4. [Medline].[emedicine.medscape.com] B symptoms were observed in 57.6% of the patients, hepatosplenomegaly--in 30.6%, anemia--in 27.1% and elevated serum lactat dehydrogenase (LDH)--in 41.2%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

    This case report highlights the difficulty in managing posttransplant autoimmune hemolytic anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is concluded that a viral infection cannot serve as the sole criterion for distinguishing a virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome as an entity separate from familial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) embraces the frequently indistinguishable conditions of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) and virus-associated hemophagocytic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Precursor-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Acute leukemias affect immature cells; the disease develops rapidly, with symptoms including anemia, fever, bleeding, and swelling of the lymph nodes.[britannica.com] Late-onset fatal Epstein-Barr virusassociated hemophagocytic syndrome following cord blood cell transplantation for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia .[ajcp.oxfordjournals.org] […] children affected by acute lymphoblastic leukemia, TTP is a potentially fatal illness that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia with hemolytic anemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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