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296 Possible Causes for Anion Gap Increased

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    In stage 5 CKD, accumulation of phosphates, sulfates, and other organic anions are the cause of the increase in anion gap.[] Metabolic acidosis Metabolic acidosis often is a mixture of normal anion gap and increased anion gap; the latter is observed generally with stage 5 CKD but with the anion[] Metabolic acidosis has been shown to have deleterious effects on protein balance, leading to the following: Negative nitrogen balance Increased protein degradation Increased[]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    LABORATORY PARAMETERS  KFT- progressively deranged  LFT-markedly elevated transaminases  Increased lactate levels  Anion gap metabolic acidosis compensated by respiratory[]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    A high osmolal gap associated with increased anion gap acidosis is said to be indicative of toxic alcohol poisoning though this is not at all specific [Salem and Mujais 1992[] Metabolic acidosis with an increased anion gap, decreased PaCO2 and ketonemia were present.[] gap is increased but 39 my question is what is the mechanism for alcholic ketoacidosis?[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Laboratory evaluation reveals hyperglycemia, ketosis (β-hydroxybutyrate acetoacetate), and metabolic acidosis (arterial pH 6.8–7.3) with an increased anion gap ( Table 24-[] These biochemical changes are frequently associated with increased anion gap, increased serum osmolarity and increased serum uric acid. (See Clinical Presentation.)[] Assuming the normal anion gap is 12 mmols/l, then the increase in the anion gap is 22 mmol/l and should be approximately matched by the decrement in the [HCO 3 ] as the average[]

  • Acetaminophen Overdose

    Patients with increased anion gap had a higher incidence of confusion (48% vs 3%; P .001) and lethargy (39% vs 6%; P .003).[] The anion gap was associated with an elevated lactate level (4.5 1 mmol/L) (r(2) 0.66, P .05), which persisted for 1 day.[] The lactate level increased in proportion to the APAP concentration (r(2) 0.75, P .05).[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Severe salicylate poisoning is classically associated with an anion gap metabolic acidosis.[] anion gap, remember, it's salicylic ACID).[] Patients with an increased anion gap should have this followed until it normalizes.[]

  • Lactic Acidosis

    With no infection, normal diagnostic paracentesis, and urinalysis together with high anion gap and increased blood lactate levels suggested lactic acidosis.[] anion gap Metabolic acidosis, increased anion gap Metabolic acidosis, increased anion gap (IAG) Respiratory acidosis Clinical Information (met-ah-bol-ik as-id-o-sis) a condition[] Anästhesie (Fach) / Krankheitsbilder (Lektion) Vorderseite Laktatazidose Rückseite characterised by an elevated arterial blood lactate level and an increased anion gap ([Na[]

  • Strychnine Poisoning

    Strychnine poisoning occurs after accidental or intentional ingestion of strychnine, a bitter-tasting alkaloid most commonly found in rodenticides. Severe neurological impairment manifesting with convulsions and myoclonus and respiratory insufficiency rapidly ensue, and the diagnosis is often made post-mortem, as[…][]

  • Metaldehyde Poisoning

    Metaldehyde, a cyclic tetramer of acetaldehyde, is a widely used molluscicide. Although cases with acute metaldehyde poisoning have been reported, the occurrence of severe poisoning is uncommon. To provide more information on human metaldehyde poisoning, we reviewed 15 cases of metaldehyde exposure reported to the[…][]

  • Methanol Poisoning

    Methanol increases the osmolal gap in serum and its metabolite formate increases the anion gap.[] As the methanol is metabolised, the osmolar gap returns toward normal and the anion gap increases.[] The diagnosis of methanol poisoning is based on the suspicion of ingestion, and the presence of visual disturbances, and metabolic acidosis with increased anion gap and markedly[]

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