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220 Possible Causes for Anisocoria, Papilledema

  • Subdural Hematoma

    The period from losing consciousness to brain herniation presenting as anisocoria was very short-only 30 minutes in our patient.[] Ophthalmological examination was performed in 238 patients, and papilledema was identified in only one patient (0.4%).[] There are often signs of brainstem compression: miosis, mydriasis, nystagmus, anisocoria, flaccid or hypertonic limbs, and eye deviation.[]

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    , and 2.2 to 2.4 gm/kg if they had anisocoria.[] Papilledema Papilledema. The edematous optic papillae protrude forward into the vitreous chamber. Normal white matter Edematous white matter Edematous white matter.[] ., papilledema ) can detect ICP elevation, but not necessarily rule it out. Therefore, ICP monitoring and quantification is vital in at-risk patients.[]

  • Optic Neuritis

    Symptoms: What is Anisocoria? MS Signs vs. Symptoms: What is Uhthoff's Phenomenon? Sources: Balcer, LJ, Miller DH, Reingold SC, Cohen JA.[] Injury to the eye, which usually does not heal by itself. [5] Less common causes are: papilledema, brain tumor or abscess in occipitalregion, Cerebral trauma or hemorrhage[] At later stages the disk margins are blurred and may be slightly elevated simulating papilledema. Refs: vaugn, d and asbury, t: general ophthamology, 8th edition, 1977.[]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Findings may include the following: Papilledema, which is more prevalent with pediatric brain tumors, reflects an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) of several days or[] .), reduction in visual acuity and visual fields and papilledema. Continue with the MR images. Notice the normal inferiorly displaced pituitary gland.[] […] the following: Acute mental status changes New-onset seizures Focal motor or sensory deficits, including gait disturbance Suspicious headache Signs of elevated ICP (eg, papilledema[]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    To describe a case of ophthalmic artery occlusion associated with anisocoria and revealing a cavernous sinus thrombosis due to sinusitis.[] Patients with severe papilledema may develop permanent vision deficits without treatment. Importantly, head CT is normal in up to 30% of cases.[] Patients with cavernous sinus thrombosis may also have anisocoria or mydriasis (3rd cranial nerve dysfunction), papilledema, and vision loss.[]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    NIH: National Eye Institute Anisocoria Chemosis Choroidal dystrophies Coloboma of the iris Epicanthal folds Episcleritis Eye and orbit ultrasound Eye burning - itching and[] Clinical findings included papilledema in the right eye and optic atrophy in the left eye. A diagnosis of Foster Kennedy syndrome was made.[] Homonymous hemianopsia , Quadrantanopia ) - Color blindness ( Achromatopsia , Dichromacy , Monochromacy ) - Nyctalopia ( Oguchi disease ) - Blindness / Low vision Pupil Anisocoria[]

  • Crouzon Syndrome

    There also have been rare occurances of nystagmus, iris coloboma, aniridia, anisocoria, microcornea, megalocornea, cataract, ectopia lentis, blue sclera, glaucoma and luxation[] We present a case of a 5-year-old girl with Crouzon syndrome displaying classic facial abnormalities along with proptosis and papilledema.[] There rarely may occur nystagmus, coloboma of the iris, anisocoria, microcornea or megalocornea, cataract, blue sclerae, glaucoma and globe luxation (6).[]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    HIC - 37% EXCELENTE RESULTADO vs 61%- Hunt y Hess Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 109 (2007) 431–435 Lóbulo temporal derecho Desviación menor de 2 mm de la linea media ANISOCORIA[] Elevated intraocular pressure (glaucoma) may also prevent papilledema.[] […] may include the following: [ citation needed ] Hypertension, fever , or cardiac arrhythmias Nuchal rigidity Subhyaloid retinal hemorrhages Altered level of consciousness Anisocoria[]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Increased intracranial pressure leads to a decline in mental status and anisocoria , in which the ipsilateral pupil is dilated.[] In certain cases of intracranial hypertension it might lead to Cushing triad involving respiratory depression, systemic hypertension and bradycardia. [5] Anisocoria: Unequal[] The examiner must also look for any lateralizing signs such as hemiparesis, hemiplegia, and anisocoria (unequal pupils).[]

  • Oguchi Disease

    Homonymous hemianopsia , Quadrantanopia ) - Color blindness ( Achromatopsia , Dichromacy , Monochromacy ) - Nyctalopia ( Oguchi disease ) - Blindness / Low vision Pupil Anisocoria[] Epiretinal membrane - Macular pucker - Vitelliform macular dystrophy - Leber's congenital amaurosis - Birdshot chorioretinopathy Optic nerve and visual pathways Optic neuritis - Papilledema[]

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