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419 Possible Causes for Anisocoria, Seizure

  • Subdural Hematoma

    The period from losing consciousness to brain herniation presenting as anisocoria was very short-only 30 minutes in our patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The latter might then cause unintended skeletal muscle stimulation that might be misinterpreted in seizure-prone patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There are often signs of brainstem compression: miosis, mydriasis, nystagmus, anisocoria, flaccid or hypertonic limbs, and eye deviation.[ahcmedia.com]

  • Stroke

    Decreased levels of consciousness, hypertension, bradycardia and anisocoria may indicate a pathological rise of intracranial pressure due to cerebral edema.[symptoma.com] We report an event in which a seizure and stroke occurred together and consider that the stroke may have been caused by seizure-induced demand ischaemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She was initially treated for seizures, and stroke was not considered likely.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arteriovenous Malformation

    Signs and symptoms of brainstem AVMs are not specific and may include diplopia, nystagmus, dizziness, ocular motor nerve palsy, gaze palsy, anisocoria, or pupillary light–near[aao.org] An epileptic seizure may have been the cause of the fall. AVM on his brain was considered to be the focal lesion of epileptic seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Seizure or hemorrhage is often the first clinical manifestation of AVM. The seizures are usually focal, either simple or partial complex, or secondarily generalized.[symptoma.com]

  • Clomipramine

    Eyes, Ears, Nose and Throat : dry mouth; abnormal vision; pharyngitis; rhinitis; tinnitus; otitis media; abnormal lacrimation; anisocoria; acute angle glaucoma; blepharospasm[psychvisit.com] The frequency of the seizures was reduced to 0-30% of the original levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A case is reported of seizure development after combined use of bupropion and clomipramine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Septo-Optic Dysplasia

    There was no ptosis, anisocoria, or aberrant regeneration of the oculomotor nerve.[bjo.bmj.com] A 7-year-old boy was admitted for a general tonic-clonic seizure with severe hypoglycaemia (1.39 mmol/l).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and 0.2 on the left, which could not be corrected (6/6 vision), bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia (Figures 1 and 2 ), bilateral marked horizontal nystagmus, and discrete anisocoria[bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    To describe a case of ophthalmic artery occlusion associated with anisocoria and revealing a cavernous sinus thrombosis due to sinusitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Altered mental status that can range from confusion to coma Bouble vision and seizures are rare.[webmd.com] Patients with cavernous sinus thrombosis may also have anisocoria or mydriasis (3rd cranial nerve dysfunction), papilledema, and vision loss.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Microscopic Polyangiitis

    Anisocoria and decreased light reflex as well as limited supraduction, infraduction, and adduction were also observed in the eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We hereby present a 14-year-old girl with arthralgia, seizure, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, interstitial lung disease secondary to recurrent pulmonary hemorrhage, pauci-immune[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient suffered from severe and protracted hypoglycaemia, complicated by a tonic-clonic seizure 7 days after escalation to therapeutic co-trimoxazole.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fat Embolism

    After 24h of intensive treatment, the patient developed anisocoria and coma (Glasgow coma scale 3).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 58-year-old woman presented with a seizure episode and altered mental status after suffering a right femur fracture.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] His symptoms included unresponsiveness, disconjugate gaze, seizures, respiratory distress, fever, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and visual changes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Subdural Hematoma

    The period from losing consciousness to brain herniation presenting as anisocoria was very short-only 30 minutes in our patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] between seizures and aSDH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Anisocoria and brain herniation are observed in patients with aSDH thicknesses that are smaller than those observed in trauma patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Seizures, focal or generalized, may be the earliest expression of a brain tumor.[emedicine.medscape.com] When should LP be performed after febrile seizure? What enzyme is deficient in Tay-Sachs? How do you distinguish from Nieman Pick?[brainscape.com] Common symptoms include: headaches (often worse in the morning and when coughing or straining) fits (seizures) regularly feeling sick or vomiting memory problems or changes[nhs.uk]

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