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909 Possible Causes for Ankle Edema, Cyanosis of the Legs and Feet, Discoloration of the Lower Extremity

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    A 38-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with acute pancreatitis and later he developed progressive abdominal distention with bilateral ankle edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This dramatic decrease in edema score represented a significantly reduced thrombotic risk. 24 Similarly, the ankle swelling rate was increased during the flight by a mean[lifeextension.com]

  • Heart Failure

    Increased central venous pressure ( 16 cm H2O at right atrium) · Hepatojugular reflux · Weight loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle[medicalcriteria.com] The weakening of the heart's pumping ability causes Blood and fluid to back up into the lungs The buildup of fluid in the feet, ankles and legs - called edema Tiredness and[medlineplus.gov] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[medicalcriteria.com]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    A 20-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with a one-day history of fever and acute, painful symmetric polyarthritis that involved the wrists, elbows, and ankles.[nejm.org] Joint pain – Pain or soreness comes in the joints, usually the knees and ankles. It tends to move around from one area to another.[nationwidechildrens.org] Subcutaneous edema (20-50%) Scrotal edema (2-35%) Bloody stools Because HSP can affect all organ systems, a full physical examination is indicated.[emedicine.com]

    Missing: Cyanosis of the Legs and Feet
  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After five days of therapeutic heparin, the patient's clinical response was inadequate due to progressive pain and discoloration of bilateral lower extremities; therefore,[ijcasereportsandimages.com]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    Physical findings may include: Jugular venous distension: Prominent jugular V wave, indicating the presence of tricuspid regurgitation Peripheral (ankle) edema: The best sign[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As the condition progresses, symptoms can include chest pains, swelling (particularly in the legs and feet), fainting, coughing, wheezing, or cyanosis, where parts of the[study.com] The physical examination findings evaluated in the study include ankle edema and prominent jugular vein.[chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease.imedpub.com]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Varicose Veins

    Learn more: Swollen feet, ankles, and hands (edema) during pregnancy Itching during pregnancy Help for common pregnancy skin problems[babycenter.com] Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[health.ucsd.edu] The ankles swell because fluid accumulates in the tissue under the skin—a condition called edema. Varicose veins alone do not cause edema.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Cyanosis of the Legs and Feet
  • Stasis Dermatitis

    Earlier signs, such as prominent superficial veins and pitting ankle edema, are well known.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms Swelling around the ankles that usually goes away while you’re asleep but comes back the next day Discoloration of the skin or hyperpigmentation on the lower extremities[verywellhealth.com] edema and progressing to tan pigmentation, patchy erythema, petechiae, and induration.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Cyanosis of the Legs and Feet
  • Pulmonary Hypertension

    Other symptoms are fatigue, dizziness, swelling in the ankles or legs (edema), bluish lips and skin (cyanosis), chest pain, racing pulse and palpitations.[who.int] (a bluish discolouration of the skin, often appearing around your lips); and swelling of the legs and feet (oedema).[mydr.com.au] […] and legs (edema) and fluid in the abdomen (ascites) There are several different types of PH.[weillcornell.org]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Myocarditis

    (cyanosis) Vomiting Older children may also have a cough, nausea, abdominal or chest pain and swelling in their legs, feet and face.[seattlechildrens.org] The symptoms of myocarditis vary for each child, but may commonly include: Chest pains Arrhythmia (irregular or rapid heartbeat) Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet Difficult[childrensmn.org] […] restless or irritable Sweating more than normal Having little energy or not taking interest in anything Not putting out as much urine as normal Having pale or bluish hands and feet[seattlechildrens.org]

    Missing: Discoloration of the Lower Extremity
  • Bronchitis

    Decreased levels of oxygen in the blood can also lead to peripheral edema, or swelling in the legs and ankles.[healthline.com]

    Missing: Cyanosis of the Legs and Feet Discoloration of the Lower Extremity