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31 Possible Causes for Ankle Edema, Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Fever

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    A 38-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with acute pancreatitis and later he developed progressive abdominal distention with bilateral ankle edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Evidently, patients with dengue fever who have prolonged fever (more than 5 days) and acute kidney injury are at high risk for concurrent bacteremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    A 20-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with a one-day history of fever and acute, painful symmetric polyarthritis that involved the wrists, elbows, and ankles.[nejm.org] Henoch Schönlein purpura (HSP) with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a rare entity and only few cases have been reported so far.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Joint pain – Pain or soreness comes in the joints, usually the knees and ankles. It tends to move around from one area to another.[nationwidechildrens.org]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of a healthy 7-year-old girl who presented with right leg pain and fever, found to have a thrombus involving her inferior vena cava and right lower extremity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stasis Dermatitis

    Earlier signs, such as prominent superficial veins and pitting ankle edema, are well known.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms Swelling around the ankles that usually goes away while you’re asleep but comes back the next day Discoloration of the skin or hyperpigmentation on the lower extremities[verywellhealth.com] “They have almost no systemic features: no fever, no white count, no lymphadenopathy,” she said.[mdedge.com]

  • Varicose Veins

    Learn more: Swollen feet, ankles, and hands (edema) during pregnancy Itching during pregnancy Help for common pregnancy skin problems[babycenter.com] Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[health.ucsd.edu] The ankles swell because fluid accumulates in the tissue under the skin—a condition called edema. Varicose veins alone do not cause edema.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Leiomyosarcoma

    Delayed vasomotor changes in the involved limb present as extremity coolness, skin erythema and thinning, nail changes, and edema.[cureus.com] extremities.[faoj.org] Hepatic leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, and in rare instances, its combination with fever may lead to misdiagnosis of liver abscess.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis

    A few days later, the patient developed new skin lesions and worsening bilateral leg edema.[mdedge.com] Affected individuals may occasionally develop numbness and tingling and/or weakness of their lower extremities.[rarediseases.org] We report a 15-year-old boy presented with fever, dry cough and dyspnea from two months ago, after admission patient had nodular lesions on the left leg and hepatosplenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Edema

    The most common way of finding out if the swelling in the ankle is due to Ankle Edema, is by checking for pain. The swelling due to edema is painless.[npa1.org] extremities, with brownish discoloration, discomfort but not marked pain, and sometimes skin ulcers Often associated with varicose veins Clinical evaluation Extrinsic venous[merckmanuals.com] We report the case of a 10-month-old previously healthy boy who presented with acute rash, edema, and low-grade fever in the setting of recent diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    […] along the vein tenderness along the vein palpable, thickened, or thrombosed vein visibly distended veins while distended veins below the ankle are normal, it is suggestive[medbullets.com] Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[huronregional.org] A 29-year-old man presented with complaints of fever and pain and itching of his left neck with atopic dermatitis and abrasion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephritis

    ) of the face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen Symptoms may also include the following: Abdominal pain Blood in the vomit or stools Cough and shortness of breath Diarrhea[nlm.nih.gov] Sometimes, particularly after displacement of a large aortic plaque, marked ischemia of the lower extremities yields a bluish-purplish discoloration (ie, livedo reticularis[emedicine.medscape.com] During the eruptive phase of scarlet fever the urine rarely shows more than a trace of albumin, a few granular casts and possibly a few leukocytes and red cells.[jamanetwork.com]

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