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32 Possible Causes for Ankle Edema, Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Pain

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    A 38-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with acute pancreatitis and later he developed progressive abdominal distention with bilateral ankle edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Background Painful swollen leg is a common clinical scenario.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    A 20-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with a one-day history of fever and acute, painful symmetric polyarthritis that involved the wrists, elbows, and ankles.[nejm.org] Apart from classical presentation with purpuric rashes around buttocks and lower extremities, features such as arthralgia, abdominal pain, haematuria and proteinuria as well[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prednisolone may provide symptomatic relief of pain, but pain is usually relatively short-lived and corticosteroids could mask the onset of severe abdominal complications.[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Varicose Veins

    Learn more: Swollen feet, ankles, and hands (edema) during pregnancy Itching during pregnancy Help for common pregnancy skin problems[babycenter.com] Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[health.ucsd.edu] We present a case of a 67-year-old man with episodes of extreme pain of the right lower extremity that prevented him from walking and sleeping.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stasis Dermatitis

    Earlier signs, such as prominent superficial veins and pitting ankle edema, are well known.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms Swelling around the ankles that usually goes away while you’re asleep but comes back the next day Discoloration of the skin or hyperpigmentation on the lower extremities[verywellhealth.com] The patient has not had a recent painful flare, but the skin of his lower extremities continues to be tender and bound down. Dr.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 85-year-old woman with newly diagnosed metastatic non–small-cell lung cancer was admitted for pain control.[dx.doi.org]

  • Edema

    The most common way of finding out if the swelling in the ankle is due to Ankle Edema, is by checking for pain. The swelling due to edema is painless.[npa1.org] extremities, with brownish discoloration, discomfort but not marked pain, and sometimes skin ulcers Often associated with varicose veins Clinical evaluation Extrinsic venous[merckmanuals.com] The case of a patient who experienced bone marrow edema and pain in both feet and a compression fracture of one heel bone after several months of everolimus use is reported[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Venous Stasis Ulcer

    Type of Wound Characteristics Risk Factors Venous Ulcer Shallow Superficial Irregular shape Small to large Painful related to edema, phlebitis, or infection Usually appear[lhsc.on.ca] Location Venous stasis ulcer is basically located and found at the distal extremity, lower leg.[howshealth.com] The management of pain is dependant on the diagnosis of the pain source (see Table 2).[o-wm.com]

  • Venous Insufficiency of Leg

    Diameters of varicose veins can range from 3 mm to 8 mm.2 Edema & leg or ankle swelling with and without skin changes Edema and swollen ankles are the next progressive states[thepremierveincenter.com] Symptoms of Venous Insufficiency Typical lower extremity symptoms many patients experience include: Swelling Aching, burning, throbbing, cramping, or other discomfort Skin[westlakedermatology.com] Leg pain at night is also a common phenomenon.[theveindoctors.com]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    […] along the vein tenderness along the vein palpable, thickened, or thrombosed vein visibly distended veins while distended veins below the ankle are normal, it is suggestive[medbullets.com] Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[huronregional.org] Even at subparalyzing doses, 50-100% of patients complain of intense pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    They have the common side effects of headache, flushing, and ankle edema, but these are not typically of sufficient severity to require cessation of treatment.[en.wikipedia.org] An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In 1862, Raynaud noticed that a group of his patients developed painful, discoloured fingers and toes, when exposed to cooler temperatures – this is now known as Raynaud's[stuff.co.nz]

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