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27 Possible Causes for Ankle Edema, Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Pulmonary Embolism

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    A 38-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with acute pancreatitis and later he developed progressive abdominal distention with bilateral ankle edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood thrombus forms and travels from a vein in the body to an artery in the lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Varicose Veins

    Learn more: Swollen feet, ankles, and hands (edema) during pregnancy Itching during pregnancy Help for common pregnancy skin problems[babycenter.com] Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[health.ucsd.edu] A case of acute pulmonary embolism following high ligation and compression sclerotherapy for varicose veins is reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report one case of a long distance driver who presented with PCDs, complicated by fatal pulmonary embolism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    A 20-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with a one-day history of fever and acute, painful symmetric polyarthritis that involved the wrists, elbows, and ankles.[nejm.org] D-dimer to rule out pulmonary embolism in renal insufficiency. Am J Med. 2014;127(4):343–7. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.12.003 .[ped-rheum.biomedcentral.com] Joint pain – Pain or soreness comes in the joints, usually the knees and ankles. It tends to move around from one area to another.[nationwidechildrens.org]

  • Phlegmasia Alba Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[ebmedicine.net] Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by multidetector CT alone or combined with venous ultrasonography of the leg: a randomised non-inferiority trial.[medbox.iiab.me]

  • Vein Disorder

    Diameters of varicose veins can range from 3 mm to 8 mm.2 Edema & leg or ankle swelling with and without skin changes Edema and swollen ankles are the next progressive states[thepremierveincenter.com] […] skin breakdown in the lower extremities.[swskin.com] Pulmonary embolism Pulmonary embolism may occur as a result of a thrombosis.[ofa-bamberg.com]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    […] along the vein tenderness along the vein palpable, thickened, or thrombosed vein visibly distended veins while distended veins below the ankle are normal, it is suggestive[medbullets.com] Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[huronregional.org] The rates of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and interventional strategies are not different between the sexes. The Author(s) 2015.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Venous Disorder of Lower Extremity

    Diameters of varicose veins can range from 3 mm to 8 mm.2 Edema & leg or ankle swelling with and without skin changes Edema and swollen ankles are the next progressive states[thepremierveincenter.com] B) an open wound on the lower extremities. C) brownish or grayish discoloration of the skin. D) hard, waxy, hyperpigmented tissue with swelling of the surrounding areas.[netce.com] All physicians understand the risk of pulmonary embolism.[vasculardiseasemanagement.com]

  • Edema

    The most common way of finding out if the swelling in the ankle is due to Ankle Edema, is by checking for pain. The swelling due to edema is painless.[npa1.org] extremities, with brownish discoloration, discomfort but not marked pain, and sometimes skin ulcers Often associated with varicose veins Clinical evaluation Extrinsic venous[merckmanuals.com] Oral diuretics can cause harm such as hypokalemiaand muscle weakness, hyponatremia and altered mental state, deepvein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and many other direct[renalandurologynews.com]

  • May-Thurner Syndrome

    In chronic stage, the symptoms may be more or less vague to define but generally comprised of persistent edema, heaviness, lower calf and ankle skin pigmentation, venous claudication[intechopen.com] extremity swelling.”[emdocs.net] OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the most common complication of deep venous thrombosis (DVT).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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