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15 Possible Causes for Ankle Edema, Discoloration of the Lower Extremity, Pulmonary Infarction

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    A 38-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with acute pancreatitis and later he developed progressive abdominal distention with bilateral ankle edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] infarction).[merckmanuals.com] The patient's left lower extremity was discolored, tender, and swollen, although it had not progressed to venous gangrene or dermal necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] PE should be distinguished from pulmonary infarction.[web.archive.org] The patient returned to the Emergency Department a week later for worsening pain and bluish discoloration of her bilateral lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

    A 20-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with a one-day history of fever and acute, painful symmetric polyarthritis that involved the wrists, elbows, and ankles.[nejm.org] View/Print Table TABLE 1 Complications of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Hepatosplenomegaly Myocardial infarction Pulmonary hemorrhage Pleural effusion Unnecessary abdominal surgery[aafp.org] Joint pain – Pain or soreness comes in the joints, usually the knees and ankles. It tends to move around from one area to another.[nationwidechildrens.org]

  • Varicose Veins

    Learn more: Swollen feet, ankles, and hands (edema) during pregnancy Itching during pregnancy Help for common pregnancy skin problems[babycenter.com] These were myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism but no deaths.[doi.org] Severe venous reflux can result in skin discoloration, severe swelling, and lower extremity wounds that do not heal well.[health.ucsd.edu]

  • Edema

    The most common way of finding out if the swelling in the ankle is due to Ankle Edema, is by checking for pain. The swelling due to edema is painless.[npa1.org] […] edema caused by an acute myocardial infarction.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] extremities, with brownish discoloration, discomfort but not marked pain, and sometimes skin ulcers Often associated with varicose veins Clinical evaluation Extrinsic venous[merckmanuals.com]

  • Venous Stasis Ulcer

    Type of Wound Characteristics Risk Factors Venous Ulcer Shallow Superficial Irregular shape Small to large Painful related to edema, phlebitis, or infection Usually appear[lhsc.on.ca] All patients responded rapidly to standard resuscitation measures and in all 3 postoperative testing for pulmonary embolus and myocardial infarction was negative.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Location Venous stasis ulcer is basically located and found at the distal extremity, lower leg.[howshealth.com]

  • Raynaud's Disease

    They have the common side effects of headache, flushing, and ankle edema, but these are not typically of sufficient severity to require cessation of treatment.[en.wikipedia.org] However, pulmonary events have rarely been reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An examination revealed venous changes, chronic ulceration, and digit discoloration in upper and lower extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Phlegmasia Alba Dolens

    Two months previous the hospitalization, he felt pains on the right ankle; the joint also showed edema which extended upward to the knee.[panafrican-med-journal.com] In the few patients of this kind whom I have seen, pulmonary infarctions have been rather common.[kundoc.com] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[ebmedicine.net]

  • Thrombophlebitis

    […] along the vein tenderness along the vein palpable, thickened, or thrombosed vein visibly distended veins while distended veins below the ankle are normal, it is suggestive[medbullets.com] Pulmonary embolism occurs when a clot travelling through the venous system lodges within the pulmonary circulatory system, causing occlusion or infarction.[rnpedia.com] Superficial thrombophlebitis illustration Superficial thrombophlebitis - illustration Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.[huronregional.org]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    But 3 days later, she noticed ankle edema, mild to moderate chest discomfort, and shortness of breath.[americannursetoday.com] (However, pulsus paradoxus can also occur in COPD, bronchial asthma, pulmonary embolism, right ventricular infarction, and noncardiogenic shock.)[merckmanuals.com] PCD is the term used to describe lower-extremity DVT that causes limb ischemia, and is characterized by severe swelling and blue discoloration of the extremity.[ebmedicine.net]