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158 Possible Causes for Anosmia, Cortical Thinning, Vertigo

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    We then provide our recommendation for an orbit magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the inferior frontal lobes and olfactory bulbs in patients with unexplained anosmia[] Blast-Exposed Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Show Greater Frontal Cortical Thinning and Poorer Executive Functioning .[] Symptoms of a central source may include nausea with nonpositional vertigo and imbalance.[]

  • Meningioma

    In contrast, symptoms persisted in 60% of patients with anosmia, sensory changes, or frontal, temporal, or cerebellar symptoms.[] The tumor presented as a dural-based mass with cortical buckling and a thin rim of trapped CSF.[] A 60-year-old immunocompetent woman, followed for more than 10 years for temporal meningioma causing vertigo and mixed hearing loss, presented with cervical lymphadenopathy[]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    The abnormal pial enhancement occurred on the cortical surfaces of cerebellum, brainstem, and cerebrum. No abnormal enhancement in the subarachnoid space was found.[] Abstract A 53-year-old male presenting with anorexia, intermittent diplopia, general fatigue, headache and vertigo was admitted to our hospital.[] Cranial-nerve involvement: Impaired vision, diplopia, hearing loss, and sensory deficits, including vertigo; cranial-nerve palsies commonly involve CN III, IV, VI, VII, and[]

  • Skull Fracture

    Some of the presentations include anosmia (a lack of smell), epistaxis (bleeding from the nose), rhinorrhea (leak of the cerebrospinal fluid from the nose), raccoon eyes,[] Blood from torn vessels accumulates over several hours and usually tracks extensively as a thin film over the surface of the brain.[] Fracture lines on the films were identified in five cases, in whom there was similar nystagmus in cases of “so-called vertigo of benign paroxysmal positional type.”[]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Fetuses who develop progressive ventricular enlargement and cortical thinning from hydrocephalus before 28 weeks may have irreversible damage by 32 weeks.[] […] offer important diagnostic information on 19 added conditions , including allergic reaction to vaccines, cardiac arrest, occupational asthma, urinary tract infection, and vertigo[] […] choroid plexus, causing symptoms of listlessness, severe headaches, irritability, light sensitivity, auditory hyperesthesia (sound sensitivity), nausea, vomiting, dizziness, vertigo[]

  • Meningovascular Syphilis

    Equally prominent are degenerative changes, with cortical thinning and outfall of neurones, especially in the frontal and parietal regions.[] The patient was able to conduct normal activities until the vertigo worsened 2 days before admission.[] These patients have also been found to have cerebral atrophy (cortical thinning of the temporal and frontoparietal regions bilaterally, most prominent in the temporal regions[]

  • X-Linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 5

    Hypogonadism 7 with or without Anosmia 7 Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 8 with or without Anosmia 6 Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 9 with or without Anosmia 5 Hypohidrotic[] A, Axial T2 image shows cortical thinning and fissure enlargement in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres.[] Vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance rank amongst the most common presenting symptoms in neurology, ENT, geriatric medicine, and general practice.[]

  • Adult-Onset Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia

    […] is suspected in individuals with late childhood-onset retinitis pigmentosa and variable combinations (in decreasing order of frequency) of the following manifestations: Anosmia[] A, Axial T2 image shows cortical thinning and fissure enlargement in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres.[] […] characteristic symptoms including: frequent falls due to poor balance imprecise hand coordination postural or kinetic tremor of extremities or trunk dysarthria dysphasia vertigo[]

  • Hereditary Cerebellar Degeneration

    Degenerative Neurologic Conditions: Spinocerebellar Ataxias (S.C.A.1,2,3,4,5,6,7 etc), Ataxia Telangiectasia, Fragile X premutation syndrome, Cerebellar Ataxia (with deafness, anosmia[] A, Axial T2 image shows cortical thinning and fissure enlargement in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres.[] The crisis starts with vertigo and ataxia, and is often associated with involuntary eye movements.[]

  • Aprosencephaly and Cerebellar Dysgenesis

    Holoprosencephaly-Craniosynostosis Syndrome Holoprosencephaly-Postaxial Polydactyly Syndrome Holoprosencephaly-Radial Heart Renal Anomalies Syndrome Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 3 With Or Without Anosmia[] cortical mantle even in the most severe forms).[] EA2 Unknown 3-52 Lifelong Nystagmus; attacks last minutes to hours; posture change induced; vertigo; later permanent ataxia 63.[]

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