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158 Possible Causes for Anosmia, Cortical Thinning, Vertigo

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    We then provide our recommendation for an orbit magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the inferior frontal lobes and olfactory bulbs in patients with unexplained anosmia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blast-Exposed Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Show Greater Frontal Cortical Thinning and Poorer Executive Functioning .[doi.org] Symptoms of a central source may include nausea with nonpositional vertigo and imbalance.[doi.org]

  • Meningioma

    In contrast, symptoms persisted in 60% of patients with anosmia, sensory changes, or frontal, temporal, or cerebellar symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The tumor presented as a dural-based mass with cortical buckling and a thin rim of trapped CSF.[ajnr.org] A 60-year-old immunocompetent woman, followed for more than 10 years for temporal meningioma causing vertigo and mixed hearing loss, presented with cervical lymphadenopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningeal Carcinomatosis

    The abnormal pial enhancement occurred on the cortical surfaces of cerebellum, brainstem, and cerebrum. No abnormal enhancement in the subarachnoid space was found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A 53-year-old male presenting with anorexia, intermittent diplopia, general fatigue, headache and vertigo was admitted to our hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cranial-nerve involvement: Impaired vision, diplopia, hearing loss, and sensory deficits, including vertigo; cranial-nerve palsies commonly involve CN III, IV, VI, VII, and[operativeneurosurgery.com]

  • Skull Fracture

    Some of the presentations include anosmia (a lack of smell), epistaxis (bleeding from the nose), rhinorrhea (leak of the cerebrospinal fluid from the nose), raccoon eyes,[medindia.net] Blood from torn vessels accumulates over several hours and usually tracks extensively as a thin film over the surface of the brain.[emedicine.medscape.com] Fracture lines on the films were identified in five cases, in whom there was similar nystagmus in cases of “so-called vertigo of benign paroxysmal positional type.”[ci.nii.ac.jp]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Fetuses who develop progressive ventricular enlargement and cortical thinning from hydrocephalus before 28 weeks may have irreversible damage by 32 weeks.[chop.edu] […] offer important diagnostic information on 19 added conditions , including allergic reaction to vaccines, cardiac arrest, occupational asthma, urinary tract infection, and vertigo[books.google.com] […] choroid plexus, causing symptoms of listlessness, severe headaches, irritability, light sensitivity, auditory hyperesthesia (sound sensitivity), nausea, vomiting, dizziness, vertigo[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Meningovascular Syphilis

    Equally prominent are degenerative changes, with cortical thinning and outfall of neurones, especially in the frontal and parietal regions.[kraeplinpsychiatry.wordpress.com] The patient was able to conduct normal activities until the vertigo worsened 2 days before admission.[ajnr.org] These patients have also been found to have cerebral atrophy (cortical thinning of the temporal and frontoparietal regions bilaterally, most prominent in the temporal regions[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • X-Linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 5

    Hypogonadism 7 with or without Anosmia 7 Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 8 with or without Anosmia 6 Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 9 with or without Anosmia 5 Hypohidrotic[preventiongenetics.com] A, Axial T2 image shows cortical thinning and fissure enlargement in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres.[ajnr.org] Vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance rank amongst the most common presenting symptoms in neurology, ENT, geriatric medicine, and general practice.[books.google.com]

  • Adult-Onset Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia

    […] is suspected in individuals with late childhood-onset retinitis pigmentosa and variable combinations (in decreasing order of frequency) of the following manifestations: Anosmia[refsumdisease.org] A, Axial T2 image shows cortical thinning and fissure enlargement in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres.[ajnr.org] […] characteristic symptoms including: frequent falls due to poor balance imprecise hand coordination postural or kinetic tremor of extremities or trunk dysarthria dysphasia vertigo[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hereditary Cerebellar Degeneration

    Degenerative Neurologic Conditions: Spinocerebellar Ataxias (S.C.A.1,2,3,4,5,6,7 etc), Ataxia Telangiectasia, Fragile X premutation syndrome, Cerebellar Ataxia (with deafness, anosmia[cmdg.org] A, Axial T2 image shows cortical thinning and fissure enlargement in the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres.[ajnr.org] The crisis starts with vertigo and ataxia, and is often associated with involuntary eye movements.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Aprosencephaly and Cerebellar Dysgenesis

    Holoprosencephaly-Craniosynostosis Syndrome Holoprosencephaly-Postaxial Polydactyly Syndrome Holoprosencephaly-Radial Heart Renal Anomalies Syndrome Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism 3 With Or Without Anosmia[familydiagnosis.com] cortical mantle even in the most severe forms).[jaocr.org] EA2 Unknown 3-52 Lifelong Nystagmus; attacks last minutes to hours; posture change induced; vertigo; later permanent ataxia 63.[slideshare.net]

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