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332 Possible Causes for Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults, Bulging Fontanelle

  • Communicating Hydrocephalus

    Physical examination can reveal an enlarged head (macrocephaly) and a bulging, prominent fontanelle.[symptoma.com] fontanelle when it is still open) Findings: enlarged lateral ventricles MRI (preferred for children) or CT Indication: older infants (when fontanelle is already closed, typically[amboss.com] Communicating Hydrocephalus Picture – Showing Bulging fontanel, Lateral ventricle, Third ventricle, Aqueduct of Sylvius and the Fourth ventricle.[heydoctor.org]

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    Skull radiography showed parietal and frontal bones bulging with depressed median sagittal sulcus, corresponding to persistence of the anterior fontanelle ( Figure 2 ).[scielo.br] Skull radiography showed parietal and frontal bones bulging with depressed median sagittal sulcus, corresponding to persistence of the anterior fontanelle (Figure 2).[rb.org.br] Bossing (bulging) of the forehead. Open skull sutures, large fontanelles. Hypertelorism.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Pyknodysostosis

    The cranium bulges, and the anterior fontanelle remains patent. Pathologic fractures are a complication of pyknodysostosis.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Head Injury

    BMC Res Notes. 2018 Mar 15;11(1):183. doi: 10.1186/s13104-018-3291-z. Author information 1 Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, St. John Hospital & Medical Center, 22151 Moross Rd., PB I, Suite 212, Detroit, MI, 48236, USA. 2 Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, St. John Hospital & Medical Center, 22151 Moross Rd.,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Subdural Hematoma

    […] walking Headache Lack of energy or confusion Seizures or loss of consciousness Nausea and vomiting Weakness or numbness Vision problems In infants, symptoms may include: Bulging[nlm.nih.gov] fontanelles (the soft spots of the baby's skull) Separated sutures (the areas where growing skull bones join) Feeding problems Seizures High-pitched cry, irritability Increased[nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Bacterial Meningitis

    In young babies, doctors may also look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes.[cdc.gov] Stiff neck (generally not present in children under the age of one year or in patients with altered mental state), back rigidity, bulging fontanelle (in infants), photophobia[patient.info] fontanelles in babies Decreased alertness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backward ( opisthotonos[medlineplus.gov]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    In infants and neonates, a disproportionate head growth, bulging fontanelles, markedly wider separation of the cranial sutures, and paresis of upward gaze (the "setting sun[symptoma.com] Manifestations can include enlarged head, bulging fontanelle, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, and seizures.[msdmanuals.com] On arrival at hospital he was poorly perfused, could barely be roused, and his anterior fontanelle was bulging.[bmj.com]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Brain Abscess

    fontanelle (the soft spot located on the top of a baby’s head).[upmc.com] Bulging fontanelle in infants. Differential diagnosis Meningitis . Encephalitis . Brain tumour or other intracranial space-occupying lesion .[patient.info] […] muscle function Seizures Decreased sensation Trouble with speech Symptoms of brain abscess in babies and young children include high-pitched cries, poor feeding, and full or bulging[upmc.com]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonos[medlineplus.gov] Young babies may present with poor feeding, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, fever, and a bulging anterior fontanel.[symptoma.com] […] chills Mental status changes Nausea and vomiting Sensitivity to light ( photophobia ) Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[medlineplus.gov]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults
  • Cerebral Edema

    fontanel absent signs of ICP and intelligence may be spared.[quizlet.com] […] produce an increase in ICP but may result in dementia and gait changes Hydrocephalus in utero or in newborn Ventricles expand, cranial sutures separate, head expands, with bulging[quizlet.com]

    Missing: Anterior Fontanelle Open in Adults

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