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118 Possible Causes for Apathy, Cogwheel Rigidity, Motor Symptoms

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Apathy was identified in 31.6%; apathy without depression was present in 33.3% of patients.[] Resting tremor of extremity Bradykinesia Cogwheel rigidity of limbs Masked facies (lack of expression or facial animation) Postural instability Micrographia Short stepped[] Olfactory deficit is considered the most common NMS in PD preceding the motor symptoms for years.[]

  • Parkinson-Dementia Syndrome

    Initial presentation includes loss of smell, irritability, depression, personality changes, and apathy.[] Turning on the subthalamic nucleus electrodes improved motor symptoms but left cognitive performance almost unchanged.[] RESULTS: Turning on the subthalamic nucleus electrodes improved motor symptoms but left cognitive performance almost unchanged.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    Women are more likely to present with tremor or to develop apathy, anxiety, depression, or LID.[] The Parkinson’s community acknowledges that there are many important non-motor symptoms as well as motor symptoms.[] Apathy is a common development in both diseases, and so is depression.[]

  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies

    In AD patients, depression was significantly associated with premorbid neuroticism, and agitation, apathy, and irritability with premorbid agreeableness.[] […] the psychiatric and motor symptoms.[] […] which is reportedly caused by several factors including level of independence in instrumental activities of daily living, whether the patient is living with the caregiver, apathy[]

  • Postencephalitic Parkinson Disease

    Also known as sleeping sickness or sleepy sickness, those who survived the initial infection typically displayed long term apathy, paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscles and[] Cogwheel rigidity will be appreciated with passive movement of the patients limb.[] […] disease, but they also experience non-motor symptoms (NMS) that are often present before diagnosis or that inevitably emerge with disease progression.[]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    At hospital admission, a masked facies and bilateral upper and lower extremity cogwheel rigidity were present.[] Electrodiagnostic studies generally show lower motor neuron involvement with preserved sensory potentials. 23 , 24 In patients presenting with flaccid paralysis, appropriate[] rigidity, bradykinesia and postural instability [70%]), and myoclonus (20–40%). 26 AFP can occur in isolation, or in combination with meningitis or meningoencephalitis. 27[]

  • Bradykinesia

    Symptoms include apathy, bradykinesia , gait disorder with postural instability, and spastic-hypokinetic dysarthria.[] ), or Parkinsonism or Parkinsonian-like conditions (e.g., cogwheel rigidity, bradykinesia, postural instability), or other neurological syndromes as defined in the Note below[] Usually, neurologists regularly monitor motor symptoms and motor fluctuations using the MDS-UPDRS part III clinical scale.[]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    […] resting tremo -swallowing difficulties -postural instabillity with falling down (backwards) -Downward gaze abnormalities -forgetfulness -bradyphrenia -personality changes like apathy[] Cogwheel rigidity, tremors or autonomic features were not present in this patient.[] Motor symptoms appear later in the course of the disease.[]

  • Secondary Parkinsonism

    [6] Disturbances in sweating [1] [2] [6] Autonomic dysfunction also occurs and this results in sweating dysfunction [1] [2] [6] Psychiatric disorders [1] [2] Depression, apathy[] She drooled, and had dysarthria, a shuffling gait, and cogwheel rigidity.[] BACKGROUND: Non-Motor Symptoms (NMS) are frequent in patients with Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease (IPD).[]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    RESULTS: The three groups differed significantly at the Apathy Rating Scale score and at several neuropsychological domains.[] Increased rigidity that is not cogwheel in nature. Resting tremor is unusual.[] All these non-motor symptoms in PSP mimicked those of multiple system atrophy.[]

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