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34 Possible Causes for Apathy, Edema, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[clinicaladvisor.com] Hypertension, pulmonary edema and peripheral edema are results of over-hydration. Water and salt excretion are thereby inextricably linked.[lecturio.com] Edema. Puffiness or swelling around the eyes, arms, hands, and feet. Frequent urination. Foamy or bloody urine. Protein in the urine may cause it to foam significantly.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypoglycemia

    Feeling of numbness, pins and needles (paresthesia) Negativism, irritability, belligerence, combativeness, rage Personality change, emotional lability Fatigue, weakness, apathy[en.wikipedia.org] […] fatty acid concentrations, hypotonia, hepatomegaly with microvesicular fat accumulation, elevated plasma activities of both liver and muscle enzymes, and frequently cerebral edema[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

  • Graves Disease

    […] measurement of vitals is rate of percieved exertion. [4] Percautions/Symptoms related to hypothyroidism (if patient on medication or post surgical) [4] Excessive fatigue and apathy[physio-pedia.com] At autopsy the significant positive macroscopic findings were confined to the lungs (acute pulmonary edema) and thyroid (diffusely enlarged).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] INTRODUCTION: The presence of bilateral exophthalmos and palpebral, periorbital edema associated with hyperthyroidism is most often considered as an initial sign of Graves[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Apathy was identified in 31.6%; apathy without depression was present in 33.3% of patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We observed the exacerbation of bradykinesia, which might have been caused by edema around the target.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , irrespective of relatedness to study drug, were constipation (9.1%; n   5), infusion reaction (7.3%; n   4), diarrhea (5.5%; n   3), headache (5.5%; n   3), peripheral edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    It is well known that patients with pernicious anemia have a more or less pronounced tendency toward edema, and that they usually have edema, especially in the later stages[jamanetwork.com] I show that her physical ailments spanned 30 years and included sore mouth, pallor, paresthesias, the Lhermitte symptom, fever, headaches, fatigue, resting tachycardia, edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Edema has always been considered a link in the clinical symptomatology of this disease, but a closer study of its pathogenesis has been limited.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Insulinoma

    Neuroglycopenic symptoms include dizziness, confusion, apathy, amnesia, personality and behavioral changes, visual disturbances, seizure, and coma. 2 The diagnosis of insulinoma[journals.lww.com] […] due to water retention. 15 Fluid retention is dose-dependent and may appear after a few days of treatment. 10 Edema can be attenuated by thiazide diuretics as, apart from[hormones.gr] […] option for blood glucose management, however, the patient’s mother declined this medication due to concern for insurance coverage and potential side effects (peripheral edema[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Table 1 Psychiatric symptoms seen with hyperthyroidism Anxiety Apathy (more often seen in older patients) Cognitive impairment Delirium Depression Emotional lability Fatigue[mdedge.com] In this study, we present a case of a rapidly progressing fatal HAI (high-altitude cerebral edema and pulmonary edema) in a patient with hyperthyroidism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical findings specific to Graves disease include thyroid ophthalmopathy (periorbital edema, chemosis [conjunctival edema], injection, or proptosis) and, rarely, dermopathy[emedicine.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Neurological: “hypercapnic encephalopathy”include 1. irritability, inability to concentrate, 2. headache, anorexia, 3. apathy, confusion, combativeness, hallucinations, delirium[slideshare.net] Edema, - P regnancy - P neumonia - P rogesterone - C irrhosis - Aspirin toxicity (early) BP BP Urine Cl Renin 20 Vomit: - Anorexia - Pyloric Stenosis - Hyperemesis gravid.[fprmed.com] , such as psychophysical stresses (anxiety, pain and fear), noxious drugs (analeptics, propanidid, salicylic acid), and pulmonary stimuli (embolism, pneumonia, asthma or edema[symptoma.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    These patients and their carer/spouse were asked to report any history of abulia-apathy, hallucination, personality change and other variety of symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Power elevating leg rests are also an important feature and can be very helpful for clients with dependent edema in the lower extremities.[doi.org] FDA bans quinine for nocturnal leg cramps. Drug Utilization Rev. 1995; Oct:150. 26. Moss AH, Casey P, Stocking CB, Roos RP, Brooks BR, Siegler M.[aafp.org]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Hypokalemia GI hyperactivity, diarrhea, irritability, apathy, confusion, muscle weakness/ areflexia, irregular pulse , decreased h.r, paresthesias, extremity numbness.[memorize.com] Patients with cirrhosis have significant abnormalities in their fluid and electrolyte balance, this is manifested mainly by the development of ascites and edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk]

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