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29 Possible Causes for Apathy, Hyperactivity, Nocturnal Leg Cramp

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Apathy was identified in 31.6%; apathy without depression was present in 33.3% of patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The parkinsonian state is characterized by disruption of the internal balance of the BG leading to hyperactivity in the two main entry points of the network (striatum and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Benzedrine and Dexedrine are amphetamines often prescribed to increase wakefulness and focus for people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy, a disorder[web.archive.org]

  • Graves Disease

    […] measurement of vitals is rate of percieved exertion. [4] Percautions/Symptoms related to hypothyroidism (if patient on medication or post surgical) [4] Excessive fatigue and apathy[physio-pedia.com] ), toxic multinodular goiter (when more than one nodule is hyperactive), or a toxic nodule (when just one nodule is hyperactive).[sharecare.com] Increased energy (hyperactivity) Fatigue Unexplained weight loss Trouble sleeping Inability to tolerate heat Trouble concentrating in school Diarrhea Fast, pounding heartbeat[cincinnatichildrens.org]

  • Hyperthyroidism

    Table 1 Psychiatric symptoms seen with hyperthyroidism Anxiety Apathy (more often seen in older patients) Cognitive impairment Delirium Depression Emotional lability Fatigue[mdedge.com] ), toxic multinodular goiter (when more than one nodule is hyperactive), or a toxic nodule (when just one nodule is hyperactive).[columbiasurgery.org] Congenital hyperthyroidism can be a cause of failure to thrive, hyperactivity, developmental delay, and craniosynostosis during infancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    These patients and their carer/spouse were asked to report any history of abulia-apathy, hallucination, personality change and other variety of symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: ALS may lead to modifications in the activities of the stomatognathic system, including muscular hyperactivity and reduction in chewing efficiency; however, no[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] FDA bans quinine for nocturnal leg cramps. Drug Utilization Rev. 1995; Oct:150. 26. Moss AH, Casey P, Stocking CB, Roos RP, Brooks BR, Siegler M.[aafp.org]

  • Hypocalcemia

    […] hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy or Addison’s disease Signs of Hyperkalemia - High Potassium Diarrhea LOC Changes -Apathy[web.archive.org] Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[icd9data.com] Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Mental status changes include mood alterations such as apathy, depression, or apprehension; confusion; hallucinations; delirium; or psychosis.[nursingcenter.com] Hyperactive neuromuscular functioning is a characteristic feature of this condition.[symptoma.com] .  Other manifestations include Apathy, Muscle cramps, Hyperreflexia, Acute organic brain syndromes, Depression, Generalized weakness, Anorexia, Vomiting 34.  Measurement[slideshare.net]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Neurological: “hypercapnic encephalopathy”include 1. irritability, inability to concentrate, 2. headache, anorexia, 3. apathy, confusion, combativeness, hallucinations, delirium[slideshare.net] […] hands, and toes; circumoral and generalized paresthesia Lightheadedness, syncope, vertigo, blurred vision May exhibit: Confusion, restlessness, obtunded responses, coma Hyperactive[nurseslabs.com]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Patients with obstructive sleep apnea often experience symptoms including excessive daytime sleepiness, apathy, and feeling lethargic.[verywell.com] Not all children with OSA snore, and when they are tired they rarely nap, instead they become hyperactive (and may mimic those children with attention deficit-hyperactivity[stanfordhealthcare.org] We describe a case series of 4 patients with varying degrees of obstructive sleep apnea who incidentally had a history of nocturnal leg cramps.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Insomnia

    Commonly prescribed hypnotics can cause irritability and apathy and reduce mental alertness. Many psychoactive drugs can induce abnormal movements during sleep.[msdmanuals.com] Sleep disturbances in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder . J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1998 ;37: 637 – 46 .[doi.org] Cramps. N Engl J Med 1971;285:31-40. PubMed Google Scholar 118. Monderer RS, Wu WP, Thorpy MJ. Nocturnal leg cramps. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2010;10:53-59.[doi.org]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Hypokalemia GI hyperactivity, diarrhea, irritability, apathy, confusion, muscle weakness/ areflexia, irregular pulse , decreased h.r, paresthesias, extremity numbness.[memorize.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk] Twitch, Twitch Seize, Seize Chovsteks and Trousseaus Also hypophosphatemia corresponds with reciprocal hypercalcemia, same s/s: weakness, apathy and mental confusion.[allnurses.com]

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