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48 Possible Causes for Apathy, Progressive Memory Impairment, Reactive Depression

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Apathy represents a form of executive cognitive dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The proband presented at age 42 years with a 3-year history of progressive short-term memory impairment and depression.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease include insidious onset and progressive impairment of memory and other cognitive functions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    Apathy, depression, irritability, agitation, and anxiety are the most frequently detected neuropsychiatric symptoms of AD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both depression and elated mood are commonly associated with irritability, a pervasive feeling of unease in response to a sense of threat with enhanced readiness to hostile[doi.org] As dementia progresses, memory loss and cognitive impairment broaden in scope until the individual can no longer remember basic social and survival skills or function independently[britannica.com]

  • Alcohol Dementia

    ARD patients often have symptoms of both forms, i.e. impaired ability to plan, apathy, and memory loss. ARD may occur with other forms of dementia (mixed dementia).[en.wikipedia.org] Allowing someone with Alzheimer’s to drink too much can cause further memory impairment and speed up the progression of their disease.[carefecthomecareservices.com] […] never progress to dementia or any other mental impairment.[healthline.com]

  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    […] include: Forgetfulness (but not as severe as Alzheimer's disease) Urinary incontinence Difficulty walking Clumsiness Changes in personality or mood (most likely in the form of apathy[alzheimers.emedtv.com] During the 2 years before admission, he had suffered from insomnia, depressed mood and progressive memory disturbance.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Psychiatric disorders are also common and include depression, apathy and personality changes.[orpha.net]

  • Organic Personality Disorder

    ., emotional instability, marked apathy, or impaired impulse control, caused by a specific organic factor and not associated with delirium, prominent mood disturbance, delusions[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] type psychosis Psychogenic depressive psychosis Psychotic reactive depression Reactive depressive psychosis Excludes: manic-depressive psychosis, depressed type (296.2-296.3[assessmentpsychology.com] Course, prognosis & treatment• Slowly progress memory impairment• Aphasia, apraxia and agnosia also present• May later develop motor & gait disturbances;may become bedridden[slideshare.net]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    Among 46 patients with suspicion of iNPH (77.6 6.7years; 34.8% women), 30 (65.2%) presented apathy (defined by a score 14 on the Starkstein apathy scale).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] depression (without depressive thought content) ( e16 – e18 ), patients with NPH generally do not have any psychiatric abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the case of a 39-year-old white woman with systemic lupus erythematosus who developed magnetic gait, speech difficulties, progressive memory impairment, urinary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Apathy was identified in 31.6%; apathy without depression was present in 33.3% of patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Adjustment disorders are a reactive depression, such as grief and demoralization, to the diagnosis of PD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cognitive impairment affecting executive functions such as attention, recognition, working memory, and problem solving may also appear in the pre-motor phase and progressively[biolegend.com]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Neuropsychiatric features, oculomotor dysfunction and sleep disturbances are also observed in MSA and include apathy, anxiety, depression, rapid eye movement sleep behavior[orpha.net] Dementia is characterized by a progressive impairment of memory and intellectual function that is severe enough to interfere with social and work skills.[ninds.nih.gov] Apathy or depression occur about as often as with AD.[brightfocus.org]

  • Bipolar Disorder

    Some symptoms of OSA are the same as the symptoms of depression: daytime drowsiness, cognitive dysfunction, decreased drive, apathy, depressed mood, anhedonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Depressive Psychosis" 2.[doi.org] […] and its progression.[doi.org]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    ., emotional instability, marked apathy, or impaired impulse control, caused by a specific organic factor and not associated with delirium, prominent mood disturbance, delusions[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] For the therapist sensitive to shame, the parts of the process that lead to reactive depression will seem obvious. 10.[healio.com] Progression of Dementia Phase 1 Forgetfulness: progressive memory impairment Recent and short term memory effected Deficits in attention, orientation, and concentration Will[quizlet.com]