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25 Possible Causes for Apathy, Prominent Sulci

  • Alcohol Dementia

    ARD patients often have symptoms of both forms, i.e. impaired ability to plan, apathy, and memory loss. ARD may occur with other forms of dementia (mixed dementia).[en.wikipedia.org] The CT showed prominent sulci and gyri with deep white matter changes. There were no other abnormalities.[gponline.com] Symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome include confusion, apathy, hallucinations, communication problems, problems with learning new information and severe memory impairment[healthcentral.com]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    Among 46 patients with suspicion of iNPH (77.6 6.7years; 34.8% women), 30 (65.2%) presented apathy (defined by a score 14 on the Starkstein apathy scale).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] NPH is suggested when ventricular dilation is out of proportion to the prominence of the sulci, but this is a subjective call.[docneuro.com] Methylphenidate produced a dose-dependent positive improvement in behavioural measures in the patient associated with a reduction in apathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • AIDS-associated Meningoencephalitis

    While there is some individual variation, frequent manifestations include: inattention and reduced concentration, apathy and dulling of personality, psychomotor slowing, marked[radiopaedia.org] MRI of the brain showed some effacement of cortical sulci, rendering the vessels prominent, with increased T2-weighted signal diffusely scattered throughout both hemispheres[cid.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Whether symptoms develop gradually or abruptly, mental decline progresses, often producing such symptoms as neglect of personal hygiene, apathy, and irritability.[web.archive.org] B, Corresponding FLAIR image shows marked prominence of ventricles and sulci for the patient’s age.[ajnr.org] Clinical features Early in the illness, patients usually experience psychiatric or sensory symptoms, which most commonly take the form of depression, apathy or anxiety, and[web.archive.org]

  • West Nile Encephalitis

    Arrows indicate subtle enhancement in the sulci. B and C, FLAIR images show increased signal intensity in the sulci, more prominent on the left than on the right.[ajnr.org]

  • Kwashiorkor

    […] impoverished regions that is characterized by failure to grow and develop, changes in the pigmentation of the skin and hair, edema, fatty degeneration of the liver, anemia, and apathy[merriam-webster.com] , prominence of basal cisterns, and ventricular dilation resulting in cerebral atrophy, as well as periventricular white matter (PVWM).[physio-pedia.com] Early signs include apathy, drowsiness, and irritability.[medicinenet.com]

  • Semantic Dementia

    In contrast, patients with bvFTD demonstrated pronounced deficits in attention/working memory, increased apathy and greater executive dysfunction, compared to patients with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Memory deficit; presents early in the dz course Imaging with CT or MRI shows diffuse cortical atrophy with prominent sulci and compensatory ventricular dilation; parietal[quizlet.com] […] dementia include: behaviour and personality changes difficulty spelling and pronouncing words accurately difficulty recognising people addictive or compulsive behaviour apathy[alzscot.org]

  • Pick Disease of The Brain

    Apathy is often mistaken for depression.[rarediseases.org] Characteristic features include prominent cerebral sulci (i.e. cortical atrophy) and v entriculomegaly (i.e. central atrophy) without bulging of the third ventricular recesses[radiopaedia.org] […] interaction Emotional changes: Sudden mood swings Decreased concern for daily activities Inability to recognize behavioral changes Failure to show empathy Inappropriate mood Apathy[dementia.org]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    Neuropsychiatric features, oculomotor dysfunction and sleep disturbances are also observed in MSA and include apathy, anxiety, depression, rapid eye movement sleep behavior[orpha.net] Imaging wise feature of cerebral cortical atrophy Generalized prominence of hemisphere cortical sulci on CT or MRI in mild cases.[neuroradiologycases.com] Apathy or depression occur about as often as with AD.[brightfocus.org]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    After regaining consciousness, she presented with lack of movement, apathy, labile affect, and poverty of speech.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Findings CT shows mild prominence of the ventricles and sulci consistent with mild generalized cerebral volume loss.[neuroradiologyonthenet.blogspot.com] […] routine chemistry, autoimmune profile, viral serology, vitamin B12, toxicology screen, and CSF examination were all normal.Six weeks later he was admitted because of worsening apathy[neurology.org]

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