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16 Possible Causes for Aphagia, Cranial Nerve Involvement

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    This is in contrast to bulbar palsy, which is a lower motor neuron syndrome involving the lowermost cranial nerves.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Article Navigation Department of Pathology and the Rose F. Kennedy Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human Development, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York Search for other works by this author on: Mel B. Feany, MD, PhD Department of Pathology and the Rose F. Kennedy Center for[…][doi.org]

  • Botulism

    The PNS can also be affected leading to cranial nerve involvement, focal or multifocal neuropathies, and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rapid progression to respiratory failure and paralysis is seen in serotype F. [ 5 ] Signs Acute onset of bilateral cranial nerve involvement. Failure of accommodation.[patient.info]

  • Bulbar Poliomyelitis

    Cranial nerve involvement Approximately 10-15% of cases affect the lower brainstem motor nuclei.[emedicine.medscape.com] Cranial nerve involvement is seldom permanent.[easypediatrics.com] Affected children commonly have cranial nerve involvement and intermittent course.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Rabies

    This article is available to subscribers. Subscribe now. Already have an account? Sign in Correspondence Free Preview This article has no abstract; the first 100 words appear below. To the Editor: In 2005, Willoughby and colleagues 1 reported on a 15-year-old girl's survival from rabies encephalitis — the sixth such[…][nejm.org]

  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    Electrodiagnostic tests MRI of the brain and, if no cranial nerve involvement, cervical spine Laboratory tests to check for other, treatable causes Diagnosis of motor neuron[merckmanuals.com] This condition has the specific involvement of the cranial nerves especially the glossopharyngeal, vagus and hypoglossal nerve.[tandurust.com] Normal function 1-3 Cranial nerve involvement in bolus preparation (V—motor and sensory— and VII), bolus propulsion (X and XII), and palatal elevation (X) is well appreciated[doi.org]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] course of the disease, progressive muscle weakness is virtually inevitable in most patients and may finally lead to tetraplegia, chronic respiratory failure, anarthria, and aphagia[dovepress.com] Pathologic features lower motor neuron signs loss of motor neurons within the anterior horns of the spinal cord and motor cranial nerve nuclei upper motor neuron signs degeneration[orthobullets.com] MRI/CT; no EMG evidence of widespread chronic partial denervation (CPD) in limbs Skull base lesions Lower cranial nerve signs (bulbar symptoms and signs; wasting of tongue[doi.org]

  • Vomiting

    […] pain R10.9 Unspecified abdominal pain R11 Nausea and vomiting R11.12 Projectile vomiting R11.13 …… of fecal matter R11.2 Nausea with vomiting, unspecified R12 Heartburn R13 Aphagia[icd10data.com] The vestibular system, which sends information to the brain via cranial nerve VIII (vestibulocochlear nerve), plays a major role in motion sickness, and is rich in muscarinic[en.wikipedia.org] Stimulation of different receptors are involved in different pathways leading to emesis, in the final common pathway substance P appears involved.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Pleomorphic Liposarcoma

    This patient stopped oral apatinib on May 6 because of aphagia and died on May 18, 2016. 3 Discussion PLS pathologically exhibits large, multivacuolated pleomorphic lipoblasts[journals.lww.com] […] scale, and of other cranial nerves, as well as the involvement of other structures outside the parotid such as masseter, sternocleidomastoid muscle, mastoid, skin, ear canal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgery of the parotid gland is challenging because the VII cranial nerve, which emerges at the stylomastoid foramen, enters the gland and branches out inside the parotid,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parapharyngeal Abscess

    IMPENDING AIRWAY DISASTER TRIAD Rapid onset aphagia or severe dysphagia, frequently associated with a severe sore throat Rapid onset laryngeal voice change: hoarse, croaky[entsho.com] Cranial nerve deficits especially the lower three ones 6. Haemorrhage secondary to involvement of the carotid artery Copyright drtbalu 2007[drtbalu.co.in] Cardinal symptoms include the airway disaster triad: Severe sore throat with dys- or aphagia Laryngeal voice change eg hoarseness or voice loss Systemically unwell eg fever[entsho.com]

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