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168 Possible Causes for Aphagia, Trochlear Nerve Paralysis

  • Botulism

    Extraoccular muscle paralysis. Extraocular muscles are supplied by cranial nerves III (occulomotor), IV (trochlear), and VI (abducens).[] Paralysis of the extra ocular muscles innervated through cranial nerves III (occulomotor), IV (trochlear), and VI (abducens).[] Is a manifestation of cranial neuropathy affecting occulomotor (CN III), trochlear (CN IV) and abducens (CNVI) nerves. Extraoccular muscle paralysis.[]

  • Lower Esophageal Ring

    Between 1970 and 1978, we saw 24 patients with lower esophageal rings and complaints of episodic aphagia or progressive dysphagia.[] Episodic aphagia results from impaction of food at the site of the ring. Since 1970, 88 patients have been seen with either dysphagia or episodic aphagia.[] The symptoms may be either episodic aphagia or progressive dysphagia, and the severity of symptoms is related to the diameter of the ring.[]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Esophageal Obstruction

    86-year-old man in a very poor general condition with a 10-year history of a Zenker's diverticulum as a cause of a complete obstruction of the esophagus with subsequent aphagia[] In our case, we illustrate a giant right-sided Zenker's diverticulum responsible for complete aphagia in a 78-year-old male patient.[] BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Total aphagia from complete esophageal obstruction (CEO) can be seen in patients with head-neck or thoracic malignancies undergoing chemoradiation or[]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 335.22 Progressive bulbar palsy 2015 Billable Thru Sept 30/2015 Non-Billable On/After Oct 1/2015 ICD-9-CM 335.22 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 335.22 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before[…][]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    A case of left atrial (LA) myxoma presenting as pseudobulbar palsy, due to multiple cerebral infarcts, without any cardiac manifestations, is presented. LA myxoma is rare cause of embolization to CNS causing ischemic infarcts. Due to multiple CNS infarcts patient can present with varied clinical picture and[…][]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Foreign Body in the Esophagus

    BACKGROUND: The use of either flexible endoscopy (FE) or rigid endoscopy (RE) for removal of ingested foreign bodies (FBs) impacted in the esophagus is still discussed controversially. METHODS: We report a consecutive series of 139 patients with FB impaction in the esophagus. During a 6-year period, 69 men and 70[…][]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Phlegmonous Esophagitis

    We report a woman presenting with unrelenting odynophagia and chest pain. Computed tomography identified a deep neck infection with acute phlegmonous esophagitis. However, esophageal intramural dissection with mucosal rupture occurred after routine nasogastric-tube insertion, and pus was vomited thereafter. The[…][]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Restless legs syndrome (RLS) has only been recently investigated in a small cohort of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) patients and it has been reported to have variable prevalence (among 3.7-58%). However little is known about its management. Here, we report a case of severe RLS occurring during the course[…][]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Esophageal Spasm

    A spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle. Esophageal spasms present as non-cardiac recurring chest pain and may be very problematic. Many patients who present to hospital, will have cardiac chest pain ruled out first, then most of the time investigations are stopped and they will be discharged with[…][]

    Missing: Trochlear Nerve Paralysis
  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    To describe a case of ophthalmic artery occlusion associated with anisocoria and revealing a cavernous sinus thrombosis due to sinusitis. A 48-year-old man with a history of diabetes presented acutely with loss of vision and proptosis in the left eye. Ophthalmologic examination concluded in a left ophthalmic artery[…][]

    Missing: Aphagia

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