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14 Possible Causes for Apical Aneurysm - Right Ventricle, Atrial Flutter, Cerebral Embolism

  • Cardiomyopathy

    ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator; LA left atrium; LV left ventricle; RV right ventricle; SD sudden death; VT ventricular tachycardia.[onlinejacc.org] Patients can have a myriad of arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular ectopy, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] fibrillation, atrial flutter).[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Apical four-chamber view in transthoracic echocardiography, showing the right atrial appendage aneurysm (A). Right atrium (B) and right ventricle (C) size were normal.[em-consulte.com] Electrocardiogram showed atrial flutter with a heart rate of approximately 150 beats/minute.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Aneurysm of the interauricular septum revealed by a cerebral embolism. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1973; 66 :169–77. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 8.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiac Arrhythmia

    In our two patients with PaT cerebral embolisms recurrently developed.[jstage.jst.go.jp] The development of atrial flutter during the procedure had been found to change the shunt from unidirectional to bidirectional and the procedure was then forced to a temporary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this condition, a reentrant circuit is formed around the characteristic fibro-fatty tissue that has replaced the right ventricle.[revespcardiol.org]

  • Atrial Septal Aneurysm

    The apical four chamber view with colour flow Doppler showing the giant interatrial septal aneurysm.[bsecho.org] , referred to as ‘cristal tachycardias’ or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, by initiating ectopic atrial beats[ 7 – 9 ].[jmedicalcasereports.com] In the present case of impending paradoxical cerebral embolism, the thrombus penetrating the atrial septal wall was visualized by transesophageal echocardiography.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ventricular Aneurysm

    Cardiac magnetic resonance images revealed a thin-walled, apical aneurysm of right ventricle with multiple septations and marked obliteration of left ventricular apex.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] flutter.[brown.edu] RV, right ventricle.[jstage.jst.go.jp]

  • Giant Left Atrium

    […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] We describe a case of a LA thrombus diagnosed 4 weeks after mitral and tricuspid valve repair, complicated by an embolic cerebral infarct.[jtd.amegroups.com] […] grade I, with grade II tricuspid regurgitation and mild pulmonary hypertension (systolic pulmonary arterial pressure – SPAP 40mmHg), the end diastolic volume of the left ventricle[tmj.ro]

  • Cardiac Myxoma

    Cardiac myxoma is known to cause repeated events of cerebral embolism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiography (ECG) is performed in all patients and may show atrial fibrillation, flutter or other conduction abnormalities.[symptoma.com] A non-enhancing rounded thrombus within the apex was noted measuring 10 mm along with left apical thinning/aneurysm with dyskinesis (Figure 4).[omicsonline.org]

  • Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

    B: right ventriculography discloses dilation of the right ventricle (RV) and "stack of coins" image. C: magnetic resonance image showing apical aneurysm (arrow).[revespcardiol.org] The primary outcome was occurrence of AA (atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter) during follow-up, recorded by 12-lead ECG, Holter monitoring or implantable cardioverter defibrillator[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common cause of air embolism is introduction of air into the trans-septal sheath.[clinicalpainadvisor.com]

  • Apical Myocardial Infarction

    Relationship with acute cerebral infarction : It is a well-recognised complication of both cerebral infarction and haemorrhage (16), but embolic cerebral infarction is also[escardio.org] Arrhythmias with atrial origin include: Premature Atrial Contractions (PACs), Wandering Atrial Pacemaker, Atrial flutter, and Atrial fibrillation (Afib).[courses.lumenlearning.com] […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro]

  • Pulmonary Atresia

    We describe an infant with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation and a left ventricle apical aneurysm who successfully[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Potential problems include: Rhythm problems, generally fast heart rate (tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter) or slow heart rate.[heart.org] Late presentation may rarely occur, and findings may include polycythemia, clubbing, cerebral embolisms, and cerebral abscesses.[emedicine.com]

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