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16 Possible Causes for Apical Aneurysm - Right Ventricle, Atrial Flutter, Mitral Valve Stenosis

  • Cardiomyopathy

    ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator; LA left atrium; LV left ventricle; RV right ventricle; SD sudden death; VT ventricular tachycardia.[onlinejacc.org] Patients can have a myriad of arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular ectopy, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.[emedicine.medscape.com] Mitral valve disease . Athlete's heart: prolonged isometric training may produce heart changes resembling some features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Amyloidosis .[patient.info]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Apical four-chamber view in transthoracic echocardiography, showing the right atrial appendage aneurysm (A). Right atrium (B) and right ventricle (C) size were normal.[em-consulte.com] Electrocardiogram showed atrial flutter with a heart rate of approximately 150 beats/minute.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , mitral valve prolapse, tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, and patent ductus arteriosus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Giant Left Atrium

    […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] We here describe a rare case of Ortner's syndrome developing in a 60-year-old woman with a giant left atrium in the context of rheumatic mitral valve stenosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of a 62-year-old female who had a markedly enlarged LA associated with mitral valve stenosis and regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ebstein Malformation

    Anomalies of the apical portion of the right ventricle can be seen in Figures 13 and 14. Multiple bands of myocardium join the right ventricular free wall to the septum.[cardiovascularultrasound.biomedcentral.com] , as well as ectopic atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, and atrial fibrillation, can occur. 46,50 Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are most likely caused by secondary[doi.org] Q23 Congenital malformations of aortic and mitral valves Q23.0 Congenital stenosis of aortic valve Q23.1 Congenital insufficiency of aortic valve Q23.2 Congenital mitral[icd10data.com]

  • Cardiac Myxoma

    Electrocardiography (ECG) is performed in all patients and may show atrial fibrillation, flutter or other conduction abnormalities.[symptoma.com] A non-enhancing rounded thrombus within the apex was noted measuring 10 mm along with left apical thinning/aneurysm with dyskinesis (Figure 4).[omicsonline.org] The tumor can grow large enough to obstruct mitral valve inflow causing hemodynamic changes similar to mitral valve stenosis.[healio.com]

  • Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

    B: right ventriculography discloses dilation of the right ventricle (RV) and "stack of coins" image. C: magnetic resonance image showing apical aneurysm (arrow).[revespcardiol.org] The primary outcome was occurrence of AA (atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter) during follow-up, recorded by 12-lead ECG, Holter monitoring or implantable cardioverter defibrillator[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , heart tumor, heart murmur, metabolic syndrome, renal vascular disorder, sarcoidosis, mitral valve stenosis, claudication, cerebrovascular disorder, chest pain, aortic valve[nyulangone.org]

  • Right-Sided Heart Failure

    AN, aneurysm; LA, left atrium; LV, left ventricle; RA, right atrium; RV, right ventricle. ( Panel B ) Colour Doppler of aortic root (parasternal long-axis view) demonstrated[academic.oup.com] Atrial flutter followed by sick sinus syndrome as presenting symptoms of B-cell malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving the heart.[ctsnet.org] valve is narrowed, as in rheumatic mitral stenosis, or when there is an accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac ( cardiac tamponade ) pressing against the ventricles[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Atrial Septal Aneurysm

    The apical four chamber view with colour flow Doppler showing the giant interatrial septal aneurysm.[bsecho.org] , referred to as ‘cristal tachycardias’ or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, by initiating ectopic atrial beats[ 7 – 9 ].[jmedicalcasereports.com] valve stenosis, mitral valve regurgitation, patent ductus arteriosus , or ventricular septal defect , can render the foramen ovale "incompetent."[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Apical Myocardial Infarction

    Arrhythmias with atrial origin include: Premature Atrial Contractions (PACs), Wandering Atrial Pacemaker, Atrial flutter, and Atrial fibrillation (Afib).[courses.lumenlearning.com] […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] The patient underwent surgical excision of the vegetation and mitral valve repair; in addition, a single saphenous vein bypass graft to the left anterior descending coronary[imedpub.com]

  • Uhl Anomaly

    Apical view. Absence of RV myocardium. Walls with “parchment” aspect that show dyskinetic areas and regional aneurysms in the apex are observed.[fac.org.ar] flutter.[pedcard.rush.edu] […] bicuspid mitral valves stenosis regurgitation Hypoplastic left heart syndrome Other Dextrocardia Levocardia Cor triatriatum Crisscross heart Brugada syndrome Coronary artery[en.wikipedia.org]

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