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12 Possible Causes for Apical Aneurysm - Right Ventricle, Atrial Flutter, P Mitrale

  • Cardiomyopathy

    […] markedly longer chordae tendineae (DCM-lowMR: 24 [20-26] mm; controls: 14 [13-16] mm; P 0.01) and larger anterior leaflets (DCM-lowMR: 30 [27-31] mm; controls: 22 [20-24] mm; P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator; LA left atrium; LV left ventricle; RV right ventricle; SD sudden death; VT ventricular tachycardia.[onlinejacc.org] Patients can have a myriad of arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular ectopy, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Giant Left Atrium

    After mitral valve replacement, left atrium mean diameter was significantly decreased in Group A from 8.1 /- 1.3 mm to 6.2 /- 1.6 mm ( p 0.01).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] The cardiothoracic ratio decreased from 74.8 /- 8.3% to 62.8 /- 9.0% (P 0.01) and the vital capacity of the lungs increased from 71.1 /- 18.0% to 82.9 /- 22.2% (P 0.01).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Crossref Medline Google Scholar 33 Devereux RB, Kramer-Fox R, Kligfield P. Mitral valve prolapse: causes, clinical manifestations, and management.[circ.ahajournals.org] Apical four-chamber view in transthoracic echocardiography, showing the right atrial appendage aneurysm (A). Right atrium (B) and right ventricle (C) size were normal.[em-consulte.com] Electrocardiogram showed atrial flutter with a heart rate of approximately 150 beats/minute.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

    Major cardiac findings include cardiomegaly, quiet precordium, tachycardia, gallop rhythm (S 3 and/or S 4 ), accentuated P-2, and murmurs of mitral and tricuspid regurgitation[transplantbuddies.org] B: right ventriculography discloses dilation of the right ventricle (RV) and "stack of coins" image. C: magnetic resonance image showing apical aneurysm (arrow).[revespcardiol.org] The primary outcome was occurrence of AA (atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter) during follow-up, recorded by 12-lead ECG, Holter monitoring or implantable cardioverter defibrillator[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrial Septal Aneurysm

    4.1, p 0.01) and a higher prevalence of associated mitral valve prolapse (12/26 vs. 4/24, p 0.05).[karger.com] The apical four chamber view with colour flow Doppler showing the giant interatrial septal aneurysm.[bsecho.org] , referred to as ‘cristal tachycardias’ or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, by initiating ectopic atrial beats[ 7 – 9 ].[jmedicalcasereports.com]

  • Right-Sided Heart Failure

    Sharma A, Minhas HS, Sakhuja P, Satsangi DK. Left atrial primary B cell lymphoma presenting with mitral regurgitation. Journal of cardiac surgery. 2012 May;27(3):300-3.[ctsnet.org] AN, aneurysm; LA, left atrium; LV, left ventricle; RA, right atrium; RV, right ventricle. ( Panel B ) Colour Doppler of aortic root (parasternal long-axis view) demonstrated[academic.oup.com] Lancellotti P, Gerard PL, Pierard LA. Long-term outcome of patients with heart failure and dynamic functional mitral regurgitation.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Apical Myocardial Infarction

    2004 6 Correlation between non-reversible thallium-201 myocardial perfusion defect and ECG criteria in the diagnosis of apical myocardial infarction. ( 15193828 ) Fiorina P.[malacards.org] […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] Arrhythmias with atrial origin include: Premature Atrial Contractions (PACs), Wandering Atrial Pacemaker, Atrial flutter, and Atrial fibrillation (Afib).[courses.lumenlearning.com]

  • Ventricular Aneurysm

    Gueron M, Mirsch M, Opschitzer I, Mogel P (1976) Left ventricular diverticulum and mitral incompetence in asymptomatic children.[link.springer.com] Cardiac magnetic resonance images revealed a thin-walled, apical aneurysm of right ventricle with multiple septations and marked obliteration of left ventricular apex.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] flutter.[brown.edu]

  • Endomyocardial Fibrosis

    He had P mitrale and ST changes on ECG (Fig. 4A), septal thickness of 22 mm (4B), LVEF 65%, biatrial enlargement (4C) and a grade III diastolic dysfunction (4D).[escardio.org] Cardiac magnetic resonance images revealed a thin-walled, apical aneurysm of right ventricle with multiple septations and marked obliteration of left ventricular apex.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Archivos del Instituto de Cardiología de México. (2000) [ Pubmed ] Atrial flutter in fetuses and early childhood: a report of eight cases.[wikigenes.org]

  • Myocardial Tumor

    Sharma A, Minhas HS, Sakhuja P, Satsangi DK. Left atrial primary B cell lymphoma presenting with mitral regurgitation. Journal of cardiac surgery. 2012 May;27(3):300-3.[ctsnet.org] A non-enhancing rounded thrombus within the apex was noted measuring 10 mm along with left apical thinning/aneurysm with dyskinesis (Figure 4).[omicsonline.org] Atrial flutter followed by sick sinus syndrome as presenting symptoms of B-cell malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving the heart.[ctsnet.org]

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