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18 Possible Causes for Apical Aneurysm - Right Ventricle, Atrial Flutter, Syncope

  • Cardiomyopathy

    The following symptomatology may be seen in patients with HCM: Dyspnea Pre-syncope or syncope Chest pain Orthopnea Dizziness Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND) Palpitations[symptoma.com] Patients can have a myriad of arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular ectopy, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.[emedicine.medscape.com] ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator; LA left atrium; LV left ventricle; RV right ventricle; SD sudden death; VT ventricular tachycardia.[onlinejacc.org]

  • Cardiac Arrhythmia

    Electrocardiograms (ECG) were analyzed electronically, and data on syncope, ventricular arrhythmias, and mortality were obtained from administrative health-care registries[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this condition, a reentrant circuit is formed around the characteristic fibro-fatty tissue that has replaced the right ventricle.[revespcardiol.org] The development of atrial flutter during the procedure had been found to change the shunt from unidirectional to bidirectional and the procedure was then forced to a temporary[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    We present the case of a 44-year-old methamphetamine abuser who had a 3-month history of worsening fatigue and near-syncope.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Apical four-chamber view in transthoracic echocardiography, showing the right atrial appendage aneurysm (A). Right atrium (B) and right ventricle (C) size were normal.[em-consulte.com] Electrocardiogram showed atrial flutter with a heart rate of approximately 150 beats/minute.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia

    The report emphasizes the importance of exercise induced syncope and the management is described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] B: right ventriculography discloses dilation of the right ventricle (RV) and "stack of coins" image. C: magnetic resonance image showing apical aneurysm (arrow).[revespcardiol.org] The primary outcome was occurrence of AA (atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter) during follow-up, recorded by 12-lead ECG, Holter monitoring or implantable cardioverter defibrillator[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Apical Myocardial Infarction

    Toponins,clinic,wall: Acute cardiogenic shock , .Ventricular arrythmias, infarct syndrome, flash pulmonary edema , wall motion abnormalities, syncope , presyncope, cardiac[healthtap.com] […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] Arrhythmias with atrial origin include: Premature Atrial Contractions (PACs), Wandering Atrial Pacemaker, Atrial flutter, and Atrial fibrillation (Afib).[courses.lumenlearning.com]

  • Giant Left Atrium

    Her disease was detected for the first time by syncope secondary to slow atrial fibrillation following which she was regularly on medications.[jpgmonline.com] […] was 200ml, with a giant apical aneurysm, a very low EF (10%) and a medium quantity of pericardial fluid, along with right atria collapse. ( Fig. 2 ) At this point a suspicion[tmj.ro] 16.6 months 5.7 yes Puff (9) 1986 1 41 M Syncope, months 1.5 yes Puff (9) 1986 1 19 F Syncope 6 months 3 yes Maruyama (7) 1999 1 20 M Dizziness 1 day 8 None, Patient survived[bjmp.org]

  • Ebstein Malformation

    Patients might complain of syncope or near syncope, palpitations recurrently as late as the third decade of life.[symptoma.com] , as well as ectopic atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, and atrial fibrillation, can occur. 46,50 Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are most likely caused by secondary[doi.org] Anomalies of the apical portion of the right ventricle can be seen in Figures 13 and 14. Multiple bands of myocardium join the right ventricular free wall to the septum.[cardiovascularultrasound.biomedcentral.com]

  • Cardiac Myxoma

    A 48-year old female with chronic renal failure had complained of syncope after receiving hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A non-enhancing rounded thrombus within the apex was noted measuring 10 mm along with left apical thinning/aneurysm with dyskinesis (Figure 4).[omicsonline.org] Electrocardiography (ECG) is performed in all patients and may show atrial fibrillation, flutter or other conduction abnormalities.[symptoma.com]

  • Right-Sided Heart Failure

    A patient with PH may present with symptoms that are very common in ED patients (e.g. dyspnoea, fatigue, chest pain, near syncope or syncope).[rcemlearning.co.uk] Atrial flutter followed by sick sinus syndrome as presenting symptoms of B-cell malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving the heart.[ctsnet.org] AN, aneurysm; LA, left atrium; LV, left ventricle; RA, right atrium; RV, right ventricle. ( Panel B ) Colour Doppler of aortic root (parasternal long-axis view) demonstrated[academic.oup.com]

  • Atrial Septal Aneurysm

    A patient who was evaluated for a syncopal episode was found by two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography to have an aneurysm of the atrial septum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The apical four chamber view with colour flow Doppler showing the giant interatrial septal aneurysm.[bsecho.org] , referred to as ‘cristal tachycardias’ or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, by initiating ectopic atrial beats[ 7 – 9 ].[jmedicalcasereports.com]

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