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107 Possible Causes for Apnea, Confusion, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He did indicate episodic confusion pointing towards possibility of more occurrences.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[verywell.com]

  • Status Epilepticus

    (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[dontforgetthebubbles.com] Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[indianpediatrics.net] A high level of suspicion of DNASLO in cases of unexplained confusion in adults or elderly subjects taking cephalosporins is essential to prompt an emergency EEG and, in turn[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[msdmanuals.com] Most frequent symptoms at admission were fever, confusion, aphasia and seizures. Mortality rate was 11 %. 2 patients presented a clinical relapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[karger.com]

  • Generalized Motor Seizure

    But there is mental illness in my family as well as sleep apnea. I took Dilantin, then Phenytoin, then Tegretol for my seizures.[epilepsy.com] Confusion – Feeling disoriented, or postictal confusion, happens after a seizure. Aura – Some people experience an aura before a grand mal seizure.[centerforneuroandspine.com] Movements of hands, like wringing, playing with buttons or objects in hands, waving Non-purposeful movements, called automatisms, involve the face, arms or legs, such as lip[epilepsytalk.com]

  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    During the remainder of the attack, lip-smacking and swallowing are not uncommon.[gpnotebook.co.uk] We report a 37 year-old man who had central apnea as the initial manifestation of partial complex seizures associated with oxygen desaturation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It can look like people who are confused or trying to do something purposeful that really is not purposeful.[howcast.com]

  • Postictal State

    Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[practicalneurology.com] APOE epsilon4 is associated with postictal confusion in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Research, 81 (2–3), 220–224.[link.springer.com] smacking chewing.[lopezdonado.bandcamp.com]

  • Stroke

    Those kinds of episodes can be accompanied by behavior that looks intentional but is not (such as lip smacking, picking at clothes, etc.).[urmc.rochester.edu] Jäkälä, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa ERJ Open Research 2017 3: P79; DOI: 10.1183/23120541.sleepandbreathing-2017.P79 Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea[openres.ersjournals.com] The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov]

  • Absence Seizure

    Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include: Sudden stop in motion without falling Lip smacking Eyelid flutters Chewing motions Finger rubbing Small movements of both hands[mayoclinic.com] In infancy, some other causes of seizure-like spells include: breath-holding spells apnea gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer’s syndrome) In later childhood: sleep disorders[thebarrow.org] However, automatic movements, avoidance of eye contact and lip smacking are all common in children with autism. Keep a seizure diary of suspected absence seizures.[livestrong.com]

  • Syncope

    smacking or frothing at the mouth (partial seizure) Tongue biting (especially laterally) Blue face Prior to the event: aura (such as unusual smell)  Post-ictal confusion[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] interrupted breathing or snoring, physicians may recommend an evaluation in a sleep laboratory to determine if there is an underlying and treatable sleep disorder, such as sleep apnea[rarediseasesnetwork.org] The overlap of these clinical conditions leads to confusion regarding syncope classification that can hinder evaluation strategies, and pose challenges for diagnosis and treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Jacksonian Seizure

    An example of a focal ( partial ) seizure would be rhythmic muscle contractions in one area of the body: lip smacking, mouth movements , drooling, head turning, eye movements[biology-online.org] I have known people who sleep alot during the day to have sleep apnea and develop seizures from lack of oxygen during the night...[healthquestions.medhelp.org] Head turning Eye movements Lip smacking Mouth movements Drooling Rhythmic muscle contractions in a part of the body Abnormal numbness Tingling Crawling sensation over the[depression-guide.com]

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