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22 Possible Causes for Apnea, EEG Multifocal Abnormality, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[] […] identified in a 5-year-old boy with developmental delay associated with Rett-like features including stereotypic hand movements and respiratory abnormalities with episode of apnea[]

  • Absence Seizure

    Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include: Sudden stop in motion without falling Lip smacking Eyelid flutters Chewing motions Finger rubbing Small movements of both hands[] In infancy, some other causes of seizure-like spells include: breath-holding spells apnea gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer’s syndrome) In later childhood: sleep disorders[] However, automatic movements, avoidance of eye contact and lip smacking are all common in children with autism. Keep a seizure diary of suspected absence seizures.[]

  • Focal Onset Impaired Awareness Seizure

    During the remainder of the attack, lip-smacking and swallowing are not uncommon.[] Of the six remaining patients, four had multifocal SPECT abnormalities, with one of the abnormal areas corresponding with an ictal site.[] We report a 37 year-old man who had central apnea as the initial manifestation of partial complex seizures associated with oxygen desaturation.[]

  • Postictal State

    smacking chewing.[] Formal neuropsychological testing can reveal specific focal or multifocal cognitive deficits that can at times be correlated with the neuroimaging and EEG data.[] Sleep apnea in pregnancy may also cause placental hypoxia.[]

  • Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia

    At 27 hours of age, he developed seizures (abnormal posturing, cyclic movements of limbs and lip smacking) needing admission to neonatal intensive care unit.[] In the second to fifth years of life, multifocal epileptiform discharges superimposed on diffuse slow background activity constituted the usual abnormality during wakefulness[] We report a neonate with the transient form of nonketotic hyperglycinemia manifested by extreme hypotonia, lethargy, apnea, and myoclonic and generalized convulsions in early[]

  • Neonatal Seizures

    smacking etc. c) Limb movements - cycling, paddling, boxing etc. d) Autonomic phenomena-tachycardia or bradycardia. e) Apnea may be a rare manifestation of seizure. 10.[] The predominant seizure type was multifocal (51%) followed by subtle seizure (43%). There was an EEG abnormality in 72% of the total EEG with varied patterns.[] At 2 days, he began to have frequent episodes of apnea accompanied with generalized tonic posture.[]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    As an infant, he experienced periods of apnea that resolved at 6 months of age. He has a history of developmental delay and ataxia.[] […] seizures Focal clonic seizures Pschomotor retardation Obtundation status Nystagmus Coma Fatigue Abnormal cerebellum morphology Encephalopathy Impaired horizontal smooth pursuit[] ., fumbling, lip smacking , chewing, swallowing) Confusion Anterograde amnesia Aphasia Fatigue , possibly short phase of coma Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache[]

  • Benign Familial Infantile Epilepsy

    During seizures, patients showed psychomotor arrest, deviation of the eyes to 1 side, hypertonia, and apnea with cyanosis.[] […] muscle tone) Spastic quadriparesis EEG shows burst suppression pattern EEG shows multifocal epileptic activity Hyperintensities in the basal ganglia and/or thalamus on MRI[] A seizure can produce symptoms such as: convulsions, loss of consciousness, blank staring, lip smacking, or jerking movements of arms and legs.[]

  • Panayiotopoulos Syndrome

    These are called automatisms and may include lip smacking and rubbing the hands together.[] Interictal EEGs revealed functional multifocal abnormalities. The evolution was benign in all patients with seizures remission before the age of 14.[] Lifethreating cardiopulmonary arrest is rare in PS, but long seizure duration of PS may associate with apnea and bradycardia.[]

  • Familial Infantile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    In some cases, they also cause aimless movements, such as lip smacking or picking at clothes, the repetition of words or phrases, or inappropriate laughter.[] Only epilepsy syndromes such as absence epilepsy and infantile spasms are invariably associated with an abnormal EEG.[] […] encephalopathy Pitt-Hopkins syndrome Synonyms: Pitt Hopkins syndrome, Intellectual disability, wide mouth, distinctive facial features, and intermittent hyperventilation followed by apnea[]

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