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21 Possible Causes for Apnea, EEG Periodic Patterns, Lip Smacking

  • Epilepsy

    […] and stop gradually rather than abruptly Last longer than 10 seconds Are more likely to cause falling May include automatisms such as blinking, eye fluttering, lip smacking[] Co-morbid sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and the parasomnias, occur frequently in people with epilepsy.[] […] identified in a 5-year-old boy with developmental delay associated with Rett-like features including stereotypic hand movements and respiratory abnormalities with episode of apnea[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    [Periodical EEG pattern modifications in herpetic encephalitis treated with acyclovir]. Rev Neurol. 1996 Jul. 24(131):829-32. [Medline].[] He also had intermittent lip smacking movements, suggesting seizure activity.[] Other signs, which can occur singly or in combination, include temperature instability, lethargy, hypotonia, respiratory distress, apnea, and seizures.[]

  • Stroke

    Jäkälä, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa ERJ Open Research 2017 3: P79; DOI: 10.1183/23120541.sleepandbreathing-2017.P79 Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea[] Andraus ME, Andraus CF, Alves-Leon SV (2012) Periodic EEG patterns: importance of their recognition and clinical significance. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 70: 145-151.[] Those kinds of episodes can be accompanied by behavior that looks intentional but is not (such as lip smacking, picking at clothes, etc.).[]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Breathing: Hypoxemia may result from respiratory depression/apnea, aspiration, airway obstruction, and neurogenic pulmonary edema [41]. • All children with SE should have[] Rev Neurol 138:803–814 PubMed Google Scholar Chong DH, Hirsch LJ (2005) Which EEG patterns warrant treatment in the critically ill?[] (particularly when this is uncommon for the child) Features include altered mental state, confusion, unresponsiveness, abnormal (often subtle) motor movements, twitches, lip-smacking[]

  • Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia

    EEGs were grossly abnormal in all patients. In the neonatal period, the “suppression-burst” pattern was observed.[] At 27 hours of age, he developed seizures (abnormal posturing, cyclic movements of limbs and lip smacking) needing admission to neonatal intensive care unit.[] We report a neonate with the transient form of nonketotic hyperglycinemia manifested by extreme hypotonia, lethargy, apnea, and myoclonic and generalized convulsions in early[]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    As an infant, he experienced periods of apnea that resolved at 6 months of age. He has a history of developmental delay and ataxia.[] The EEG shows one of the patterns of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. The patient may be photosensitive."[] ., fumbling, lip smacking , chewing, swallowing) Confusion Anterograde amnesia Aphasia Fatigue , possibly short phase of coma Muscular flaccidity and muscle pain Headache[]

  • Benign Familial Infantile Epilepsy

    During seizures, patients showed psychomotor arrest, deviation of the eyes to 1 side, hypertonia, and apnea with cyanosis.[] This is done by performing an electroencephalogram or EEG. This is a painless and non-invasive means of recording the patterns of electrical activity of the brain.[] A seizure can produce symptoms such as: convulsions, loss of consciousness, blank staring, lip smacking, or jerking movements of arms and legs.[]

  • Tonic-Clonic Seizure

    The EEG shows one of the patterns of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. The patient may be photosensitive."[] smacking, repeated swallowing or chewing A jerking movement that starts in one part of your body – usually your hand or face – and then spreads bit by bit to other parts[] Some conditions can make epilepsy worse, eg: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, strokes, head traumas, alcohol and recreational drug use.[]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    EEG consists of complex bursts of spikes and sharp waves , with periods of discontinuity; and the burst-suppression pattern, which may later evolve into a hypsarrhythmia pattern[] […] for a few tens of seconds epigastric aura, déjà-vu, etc. ② complex partial seizure : lasts for a few minutes unaware of surroundings motionless stare automatisms (such as lip[] A multidisciplinary team of leading authorities presents the latest on sleep breathing disorders (including obstructive sleep apnea), neuropharmacology, parasomnias, neurologic[]

  • Familial Infantile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Getting a Diagnosis Doctors diagnose JME with an electroencephalogram (EEG), a test that can find unusual patterns in brain waves.[] In some cases, they also cause aimless movements, such as lip smacking or picking at clothes, the repetition of words or phrases, or inappropriate laughter.[] […] encephalopathy Pitt-Hopkins syndrome Synonyms: Pitt Hopkins syndrome, Intellectual disability, wide mouth, distinctive facial features, and intermittent hyperventilation followed by apnea[]

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